The UPSC syllabus for Prelims elaborates on “Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.”. The Constitution is the most important topic under the Indian Polity. Apart from this, the students should also study new bills, laws, governance issues, etc.

Indian Constitution (basics):

Indian Constitution (Topics in the same order):



Parliamentary Committees
– Budget


Fundamental Rights

Centre-state Relations:
NITI Aayog
National Development Council

Local Government:

Policies, Bills and Acts (Statutes)


Social Justice:

– Major Tribes in India: State-wise compilation.

Further Reading:

Indian Polity Quiz & Questions

Indian Polity & Constitution Objective Questions for Competitive Exams

Books to Study Indian Polity

  • Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations by M. Laxmikanth is the most preferred books by students for all stages of competitive examinations in India.
  • Introduction to the Constitution of India by Durga Das Basu – A much more authoritative text on Indian polity. Good reference material for Supreme Court judgments, but beginners may find it tough.
  • Our Parliament by Subhash Kashyap.
  • India Year Book.
  • Class 11 & 12 NCERT textbook of Political Science, especially, the “Indian Constitution at work”.

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