Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution is the supreme rule-book that has to be followed for the governance of India. During the British rule, the rules were known as Acts, the last one being the Government of India Act 1935. These acts were biased that denied several basic rights to Indian citizens. The Constitution was legally enforced on the eve of Republic Day in January of 1950.  B. R. Ambedkar is regarded as its chief architect.
The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in a flowing italic style with beautiful calligraphy. Each page was beautified and decorated by artists from Shantiniketan.  The Indian Constitution is the longest written Constitution of any sovereign country in the world with 25 parts containing 448 articles and 12 schedules.
The Indian constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 and then implemented on 26th January 1950 – the Republic day. The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble which specifies the feature of the Indian State and the objectives it is committed to secure.The constitution of India is the largest written constitution.Indian constitution makes the government system work.

Parts Of Indian Constitution

PartSubjectArticles
Part IThe union & Its TerritoryArticle 1 – 4
Part IICitizenshipArticle 5 – 11
Part IIIFundamental RightsArticle 12 – 35
Part IVDirective PrinciplesArticle 36 – 51
Part IVAFundamental DutiesArticle 51A
Part VThe UnionArticle 52 – 151
Part VIThe StatesArticle 152 – 237
Part VIIThe States In Part B of the First ScheduleRepealed By Constitution (7th Amendment) Act .1956
Part VIIIThe Union TerritoriesArticle 239 – 242
Part IXThe PanchayatsArticle 243 – 243O
Part IXAThe MunicipalitiesArticle 243 P – 243ZG
Part XThe Scheduled and Tribal AreasArticle 244 – 244A
Part XIRelations between the Union And The StatesArticle 245 – 263
Part XIIFinance, Property, Contracts and SuitsArticle 264 – 300A
Part XIIITrade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory Of IndiaArticle 301 – 307
Part XIVService Under the Union and the StatesArticle 308 – 323
Part XIVATribunalsArticle 323A –  323B
Part XVElectionsArticle 324 – 329(329A -Repealed)
Part XVISpecial Provisions Relating to Certain ClassesArticle 330 – 342
Part XVIIOfficial LanguageArticle 343 – 351
Part XVIIIEmergency provisionsArticle 352-360(359A-Repealed)
Part XIXMiscellaneousArticle 361 – 367 (362-Repealed)
Part XXAmendment of the ConstitutionArticle 368
Part XXITemporary Transitional and Special ProvisionsArticle 369 – 392(379-391 Repealed)
Part XXIIShort Title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and RepealsArticle 393 – 395

Schedules of Indian Constitution

Click here to read the schedules of Indian Constitution

Borrowed Features Of Indian Constitution

Click here to read the complete list of features borrowed from constitution of various countries while drafting the Indian Constitution.

Question Sets

Objective Questions On 12 Schedules
 

Don’t interfere with anything in the Constitution. That must be maintained, for it is the only safeguard of our liberties.
– Abraham Lincoln
The Constitution is the guide which I never will abandon.
– George Washington
I feel that the constitution is workable, it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peacetime and in wartime. Indeed, if I may say so, if things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.
– B R Ambedkar

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.