Biosphere Reserves (BRs) of India

India Biosphere Reserve Location Map

Biosphere Reserves (BRs) are representative parts of natural and cultural landscapes extending over a large area of terrestrial or coastal/marine ecosystems. The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves in India. Ten of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme list. There are over 500 biosphere reserves in over 100 countries around the world.
The Ministry of Environment and Forest provides financial assistance to State governments for the conservation of landscape, diversity and cultural heritage. Ministry also provides support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange of the respective biosphere reserve.

Biosphere reserves of India
#Biosphere ReserveEstablishedStateKey FaunaKey Flora
1Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (First Biosphere Reserve in India)1986Tamil Nadu, Kerala and KarnatakaNilgiri Tahr, Lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langurVanda, Liparis, Medusa’s head orchid, Spiranthes, Chi-tou wind orchid
2Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve1988UttarakhandHimalyan Tahr, Koklas pheaant, Brown BearSilver weed, Fairy Primrose, Salep orchid
3Gulf of Mannar1989Tamil NaduDugong Dugong (Sea Cow), Sea FanMorning glory, Halophila grass
4Nokrek1988MeghalayaPig tailed macaque, Giant Flying squirrel, Stump tailed macaqueGrand rasamala, Hairy Sterculia, Wild lemon, Chempaka, White meranti
5Sundarbans (largest contiguous mangrove area in the world and only mangrove area having Tigers)1989West BengalBengal Tiger, Salvator lizard, Bengal monitor lizardSundari, Nypa, Passur, Tagal mangrove, Sandy mangrove, crabapple mangrove
6Manas1989AssamPygmy hog, Hispid hare, Golden langurCatechu tree, Sissoo, white siris
7Simlipal1994OdishaRed breasted Falconet, Ruddy mangooseColix grass, Sal tree, Myrobalan, Sisso, Champak
8Dihang-Dibang1998Arunachal PradeshRed panda, green pit viper, TakinTree fern, Begonia
9Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve1999Madhya PradeshBarasinga, Wild Buffalo, Red jungle fowlSal tree, Selaginella fern, Palimorpha bamboo
10Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve2005Madhya Pradesh, ChhattisgarhFourhorn Antelope, Saras crane, Sacred grove bush Frog, Whitebacked Vulture, Indian wild dog
11Great Rann of Kutch2008GujaratIndian Wild Ass
12Cold Desert2009Himachal PradeshSnow Leopard
13Khangchendzonga2010SikkimSnow Leopard, Red Panda
14Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve2001Kerala, Tamil NaduLion tailed macaque, slender loris, Great pied hornbillRudraksha tree, Gaub tree, Wild dhaman, black plums
15Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve1989Andaman and Nicobar IslandsSerpent Eagle, Crab eating Macaque, saltwater CrocodileScrew pine, Nipa Palm, Ceylon iron wood
16Dibru-Saikhowa1997AssamGolden Langur, Hollock gibbonRauvolfia, Benteak, Livistona orchid
17Seshachalam Hills2010Andhra PradeshSlender LorisRed Sanders
18Panna2011Madhya Pradeshtiger, chital, chinkara, sambhar and sloth bear

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