Category Polity

Anti-Defection Law

The anti-defection law is applicable only to the current (present) members of: Lok Sabha Rajya Sabha State Legislative Assemblies State Legislative Councils Before the year 1985, there was no provision for disqualifying a member if he joins other political parties. This…

Municipalities | Local Government | Indian Polity

The Municipalities are the Local self-government units in the urban areas. Some of the provisions are similar to those present in part IX (Panchayati Raj) of the Constitution like reservation of seats, State Finance Commission and the State Election Commission.…

Panchayati Raj

Article 40: The state shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government. The Panchayati Raj is the Rural Local Self…

HIGH COURT

The High Court occupies the top position in the judicial administration of state. The first High Courts were set up in India in Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1862. In the year 1866 the fourth High Court was set up…

Parliament: Lok Sabha

This is also called the Lower House of the parliament. The maximum strength of Lok Sabha is 552. Out of this 530 are the representatives of states directly elected by the people. 20 members are the representatives of Union Territories…

Indian Polity: RAJYA SABHA

The Parliament consists of three parts. The President The Council of States The House of the People RAJYA SABHA: Introduction The Rajya Sabha was constituted in the year 1952. This is a permanent house. It is not subjected to dissolution.…

Indian Polity: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court came into existence on January 28, 1950. About It is as an integrated judicial system of Courts that is present in India. (Federation for Legislature and executive) The Supreme Court is the apex court (top most in…

Indian Polity: Governor

The Governor is the Constitutional head of the state. Just like the President of India the Governor of a state is a dejure (constitutional or nominal or titular or Figure) head. Appointment The Governor of a state is appointed by…

Indian Polity: Vice President

Article 63: This article states that there shall be a vice President of India. Article 64: The Vice President shall be the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. Note: The Vice President is like a counter part of the Speaker…

Indian Polity: Fundamental Duties

 (Part IV A, Article 51 A) The fundamental duties were added on the recommendation of Swaran Singh Committee in the year 1976. This committee recommended for the inclusion of 8 fundamental duties, the amendment included 10 fundamental duties. The 10…