JOINT PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION (JPSC)

JOINT PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

A JPSC is a statutory body. It is not a constitutional body

The Joint Public Service Commission is created by the parliament through a legislation (law).

The JPSC is a statutory body. (The body that is created by an act of Parliament.)

COMPOSITION:

  • There is a chairman for JPSC.
  • There are other members for JPSC.

QUALIFICATIONS:

  • The qualifications of Chairman and members are not specified in the Constitution.
  • But, at least half the members of the commission must have had 10 years of service under the Government of India or under Government of a State.

APPOINTMENT: The Chairman and the members of JPSC are appointed by the President of India.

STRENGTH: The strength of JPSC is decided by the President.

TERM:

The Chairman and members of the JPSC hold office for a term of

6 years

OR

Until they attain the age of 62 years whichever is earlier.

RESIGNATION: The Chairman and members of JPSC submit the resignation to the President.

REPORT OF JPSC:

The JPSC submits the annual report to the Governor of the concerned state.

Please note: The report of JPSC is not submitted to the President).

The Governor places the report of JPSC before the concerned State Legislature and is discussed.  

REMOVAL:

The Chairman and members of JPSC are removed by the President. (Not by the Governor).

The President can remove the chairman or any other member of JPSC if

The Chairman or member is adjusted as an insolvent.

    OR

The chairman or member engages during the term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of office.

  OR

The chairman or member, in the opinion of the President is unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

REMOVAL ON THE GROUNDS OF MISBEHAVIOR:

What is misbehavior?

If the Chairman or member of JPSC is concerned or interested in any contract or agreement made by the government of India or government of a state

OR

If the Chairman or member of SPSC participates in any way in the profit of such contract or agreement or in any benefit there from otherwise than as a member and in common with other members of an incorporated company.

The President can also remove the Chairman or a member of SPSC for misbehavior.

In the case of misbehavior the President has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry.

 If the Supreme Court upholds the cause of removal and advises so then the President can remove the Chairman or member of SPSC.

The advice tendered (given) by the Supreme Court is binding on the President.

During the course of enquiry the President can suspend the Chairman or member pending the receipt of the report of the Supreme Court.

THE CHAIRMAN OF SPSC AFTER RETIREMENT:

  • The Chairman of SPSC after retirement cannot be reappointed as the Chairman of the same SPSC.
  • The Chairman of SPSC after retirement can be appointed as
    • The Chairman of UPSC
    • A member of UPSC
    • The Chairman of other SPSC
    • The Chairman of Joint Public Service Commission (JPSC).

A MEMBER OF SPSC AFTER RETIREMENT:

A member of SPSC after retirement cannot be reappointed as a member in the same SPSC.

A member of SPSC can be appointed as

  • The Chairman of the same SPSC.
  • The Chairman of other SPSC.
  • The Chairman of other Joint Public Service Commission
  • The Chairman of other UPSC.
  • A member of other SPSC.
  • A member of other Joint Public Service Commission.
  • A member of UPSC.

FUNCTIONS OF SPSC:

The SPSC conducts the examinations for appointments to the services of the state.

The SPSC is consulted on various matters related to

  • All matters relating to the methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts.
  • The principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to the other.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

The recommendations of SPSC are not binding, they are advisory.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who has the power to appoint Joint Public Service Commission for two or more states?

State Commission consists of a Chairman and several members who are appointed by the Governor [Art 316(1)]. In case of a Joint Commission, the President makes these appointments