Fundamental Rights (Indian Polity Questions)

Fundamental Rights

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Hello Readers,
We bring you this large list of questions from Preamble And Evolution Of Indian Constitution. This should help you in your preparation of Competitive Exams for Indian Polity.
Fundamental Rights (Indian Polity Questions)

  1. India is referred as ___ under the Indian Constitution. Bharat
  2. Who is empowered to admit a new State to the Union of India? Parliament
  3. Which important Human Right is protected in Article 21 of our Constitution? Right to Life and Liberty
  4. The Constitution confers a special authority for the enforcement of FRs on whom? Supreme Court
  5. The FRs of the Indian Citizen in our Constitution are contained in (OR) FRs are guaranteed under ____ of the Indian Constitution. Part III
  6. Under Article 368, Parliament has no power to repeal FRs because they are? Basic Structure of Constitution
  7. Fundamental Rights (FRs) can be claimed against whom? The State
  8. The FRs, which cannot be suspended even during the emergency, are Articles _____?  20 and 21
  9. Clause (1) of Article 13 is applicable only to? Pre-constitutional Laws
  10. Original Constitution classified FRs into seven categories but now there are? Six
  11. India’s desire for civil liberties started from the struggle for independence against the? British Rule
  12. India borrowed the idea of incorporating FRs in the Constitution from which country? USA
  13. The concept of Single Citizenship is borrowed from the Constitution of which country? Britain
    – The concept of Dual Citizenship in the Union of India was recommended by? L. M. Singhvi Committee.
    – Under which Article of the Indian Constitution, Citizenship of a person can be determined at the commencement of the Constitution?  5
  14. Which Article describes the persons voluntarily acquiring Citizenship of a foreign State not to be an Indian Citizen? 9
  15. Who is authorized to lay down qualifications to acquire the Citizenship? President
  16. Which of the following is a qualification to acquire Citizenship by Naturalization? A person is in service of Government of India from 12 months
  17. FRs are not applicable to? Armed Forces
  18. Which Article of the Constitution empowers the Parliament to enact the provisions for acquisition and termination of Citizenship? 11
  19. By which FR other FRs is protected? Right to Constitutional Remedies
  20. Right to Property is a legal right under the Article ____.? 300A
  21. Which of the following is not a FR? [Right to] Property
  22. Which of the following has ceased to be a FR in the Indian Constitution? [Right to] Property
  23. Which among the following is not a FR? [Right to] Strike
  24. Which FR has been a subject of maximum controversy and litigation? [Right to] Property
  25. The Right to private property was dropped from the list of FRs by the (OR) Right to property took the shape of legal right by way of 44th Amendment
  26. The Right to equality guaranteed by the Indian Constitution does not include ? Economic Equality
  27. ‘Equality before the Law’ implies? absence of any privilege in favor of any person
  28. Which Resolution for the first time expressed the concept of equality before the law? Swaraj Bill
  29. – The FRs of the Indian Citizen were? Enshrined in Original Constitution
  30. Which one of the FRs was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the ‘Heart and Soul of the Constitution’? Right to Constitutional Remedies
  31. Which of the following confers upon the citizens the right to approach a court of law for the protection and restoration of FRs? (Right) Constitutional Remedies
  32. The Right to Constitutional Remedies are? Fundamental Rights
  33. The Constitutional remedies under the Article 32 can be suspended by the? Parliament
  34. Writs can be issued for the enforcement of FRs by the? Supreme Court
  35. Which one of the following FRs is restrained by the Preventive Detention Act? Right to Freedom
  36. Who enjoys the right to impose reasonable restrictions on the FRs of Indian citizen? (OR) Who has the power to empower the Courts other than the Supreme and High Courts to issue writs and order for the forcement of the FRs? Parliament
  37. Who can abridge any FR without damaging or destroying the basic features of the Constitution? Parliament
  38. Which one of the following Courts is responsible for the enforcement of FRs? Supreme Court
  39. Which of the following is the guardian of the FRs of the citizens? (OR) Who is the protector and Guarantor of the FRs? — Supreme Court
  40. Any violation of FRs can be presented to? Both Supreme and High Courts
  41. Who is authorized to impose restrictions on FRs? Legislature
  42. The FRs of the Indian citizen can be suspended? by the President during national emergency
  43. FRs are? Those basic conditions of social life without which a Citizen cannot be at his/her best self
  44. The FRs ensure the protection of Citizens against? arbitrary rule
  45. Our Constitution grants to the citizens how many FRs? Six
  46. ‘Ultra vires’ means? Without authority
  47. Who are not entitled to form Union? Police
  48. By the Citizenship Act of 1955, when he / she will be loosing the Citizenship? Renunciation, Deprivation & Termination
  49. Who quoted ‘Child of today is the Citizen of tomorrow’? Jawaharlal Nehru
  50. Generally, the census is conducted for _____ year(s). 10
  51. Who quoted ‘Freedom is my Birth Right’? Sardar
  52. What is the age in years for casting their vote? 18
  53. Which Article and Amendment changes the right to vote from 21 to 18 years? 326 and 61st
  54. Creamy Layer’ means? Persons having higher incomes
  55. ‘Backward Class (BC)’ can be classified into? Most Backward Class
  56. Mandal Commission deals with? Reservation for backward class people
  57. This is one of the grounds for classification? Annual income
  58. ‘Equal Protection of Law’ means?  he same law shall apply to all who are similarly situated
  59. Seats in Educational Institutions can be reserved for? Socially and Educationally backward class people
  60. Minimum percentage of reservation in a educational institution is? 50%
  61. Minority may be? linguistic or religious
  62. This is not the ground to impose restriction on Right of freedom of speech and expression? Public nuisance
  63. Which one of the following courts is responsible for the enforcement of FRs? Supreme Court
  64. Which one of the following statements is correct? FRs are superior to the DPSP
  65. In which case did the Supreme Court restrict the authority of Parliament to amend FRs and declared these rights to be absolute, permanent and unalterable? Golak Nath Case
  66. In the famous Keshavananda Bharti V/s State of Kerala Case, the Supreme Court asserts the power of the parliament to amend the Constitution under Article 368 subject to? Certain implied and inherent limitation of not amending the Basic Structure of the Constitution
  67. ‘Rule of Law which permeates the entire fabric of the Indian Constitution excludes arbitrariness’. This principle is laid down in? Maneka Gandhi V/s Union Government Case
  68. The protection guaranteed under Article 21 is available even to convicts in jails. The convicts are not by mere reasons of their conviction deprived of the entire FRs which they otherwise possess. This is the principle laid down in? Sunil Batra V/s Delhi Administration Case
  69. Gender Equality includes protection from sexual harassment and right to work with dignity, which is universally recognized as basic Human Right. This principle is laid down in? Vishaka V/s State of Rajasthan Case
  70. The Supreme Court held that the nuisance caused by the pollution of the river Ganga is a public nuisance which is wide spread and affecting the lives of large number of persons and therefore any particular person can take proceedings to stop it. This PIL is?  M.C. Mehta V/s Union of India (1988)
  71. Charging capitation fees for admission to educational institutions is illegal and amounted to denial of citizen’s right to education. This principle is laid down in? Mohin Jain V/s State of Karnataka Case
  72. The right to establish an educational institution and imparting education is not a commercial activity. This principle is laid down i? Unnikrishnan V/s State of Andhra Pradesh Case
  73. The principle of Judicial review of President’s Rule in State under the Article 356 is laid down in — S.R. Bommai V/s Union of India
  74. Who among the following has voting rights? An adult resident citizen of a State
  75. The right to strike is ?
  76. Which one is not a FR? The Right to Strike
  77. Which one of the following FRs has been subject of maximum litigation since the inauguration of the Constitution? (Right to) — Property
  78. The rule of Equality before law is not applicable to? Governor of State
  79. Right to Equality is guaranteed under the Article ____.? 14
  80. Article 14 guarantees equality before the law to? All persons
  81. ‘Right to Equality’ means? permits the State to make special provisions for women, children and backward classes
  82. Equal opportunity in matters of public employment is guaranteed under the Article? 16
  83. Which among the following FRs abolishes discrimination? Equality
  84. Untouchability is associated with _______ inequality? Social
  85. ‘Right to Freedom’ can be restricted in the interest of? Public order, Security of the State & Friendly relations with foreign States
  86. This is not the ground to impose restriction on the right of freedom of speech and expression? Law and order
  87. Which one of the following right conferred by the Constitution is also available to non-citizens? Right to constitutional remedies
  88. The Sikhs in India are permitted to carry Kirpans. Under which FR are they permitted to do so? Right to freedom of religion
  89. Freedom of Speech under the Indian Constitution is subject to reasonable restrictions on the grounds of protection of? Sovereignty and integrity of the country
  90. Which one of the following is considered as Bulwark of Democracy? (Right to) Speech
  91. One of the restrictions of freedom of speech and expression is? Contempt of Court
  92. At present, the Right to property is a? Human Right
  93. Which one of the following is not a FR? (Right to) Property
  94. The main objective of the cultural and educational rights granted to the citizens is to? Help the minorities to conserve their culture
  95. A person can move to Supreme Court directly in vent of violation of FRs under Article? 32
  96. A citizen’s FRs are protected? when the citizen approaches the court for remedy
  97. The FRs of a citizen can be suspended by the? President during a National Emergency
  98. For the enforcement of the FRs, the courts can issue? A Writ
  99. Which FR granted by the Constitution prohibits traffic in human beings? Right against exploitation
  100. ‘Traffic in Human beings’ means? selling or purchasing men and women
  101. Right against exploitation prohibits? Traffic in Human being
  102. Right to practice and propagate any religion is the subject to? public order
  103. Right to property was eliminated form the list of FRs during the tenure of? Morarji Desai
  104. Legal equality under the Indian Constitution implies that — there should be equality amongst equals and inequality among unequals
    – Who of the following can amend the FRs granted by the Constitution? Parliament
  105. A citizen can directly move the Supreme Court for any violation of FR under the Article ____.? 34
  106. The main objective of the FRs is to? ensure individual liberty
  107. Under the Indian Constitution, a citizen? can be deprived of life and liberty only in accordance with the procedure established by the law
  108. Constitution grants Right against exploitation to “Children / Women / Tribals / Dalits”?  C and W
  109. Which of the Provision authorizes Parliament to discriminate in favor of women against men? Article 15 (3)
  110. Article 15 (3) confers a special provisions to? Women and Children
  111. Article 15 (4) confers a special provisions for the advancement of? SCs and STs
  112. The prohibition imposed by the Article 20 is applicable to? Criminal cases
  113. The principle “No person shall be prosecuted and punished for same offence more than once” is”? Double jeopardy
  114. If an Act is not an offence on the date of its commission, a law enacted in future cannot make it so, is the principle of? Ex-post facto law
  115. ‘Ex-post facto law’ means? passing criminal law with retrospective effect
  116. An arrested person should be allowed? to consult his Lawyer
  117. Every person who has been arrested has the right to be produced before the? Magistrate
  118. A person arrested has to be produced before the Magistrate within? 24 hours
  119. The right of the accused to be informed about his ground of arrest is? Mandatory
  120. No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed? On the grounds for such arrest
  121. The provisions enshrined under the Article 22 are? Mandatory
  122. Article 21A was inserted under our Constitution by way of which Constitutional Amendment? 86th
  123. Earlier to 86th Amendment, Article 21A is in the form of? DPSP
  124. What is the object of Article 21A of the Constitution? Primary Education
  125. Right to education guaranteed under the Article 21A shall be between the age group of? 6 to 14
  126. Right to Primary Education guaranteed under the Article 21A was inserted into the Constitution by which Constitutional Amendment? 86th
  127. Which of the following has been included in the list of FRs to Indian citizen? Education to all children between 6-14 years of age
  128. Right to Education is a part of? Right to life
  129. Right to Life includes Right to? get education
  130. Education has became the joint responsibility of the Center and State Governments through a Constitutional Amendment in? 1976
  131. The Constitution does not protect the Right of the minority with regard to? Cult
  132. Which among the following Article guarantees the Right of minorities to establish and administer the educational institutions? 30
  133. The Right to establish educational institutional under Article 30 is applicable to? Linguistic Minority
  134. Right to Decent environment includes? Right to life
  135. A person is detained under Preventive Detention Law when? he is likely to cause harm to the public
  136. The forced labour does not include service rendered under? compulsion of economic circumstances
  137. This is one of the basis for classification? geographical
  138. Sexual harassment of working women is violation of? FRs
  139. The popular name for a nine-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court has in ‘Indra Sawhney V/s Union of India Case’ is?  Mandal Commission Case
  140. The Freedom of speech and expression does not include? calling for ‘Bundh’
  141. Freedom of press is included in Right to? freedom of speech and expression
  142. Freedom of press is protected under which Article? 19(1)(d)
  143. ‘Right to Privacy’ includes Right to? personal liberty
  144. A citizen of India may be debarred from the Right to vote on the ground of? unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice & non-resident
  145. Freedoms guaranteed under the Article 19 are suspended during emergency on the ground of? War or external aggression
  146. Right to Freedom guaranteed under Article 19 ____ during emergency? can be suspended
  147. Article 19(2) under the Indian Constitution speaks about? Reasonable restrictions
  148. India has recognized No religion as National Religion
  149. Freedom of religion guaranteed under the Article 25 is applicable to? Citizens only, Persons residing within India & Persons of Indian Origin
  150. The secular provisions under the Indian Constitution are guaranteed under Article____? 22
  151. Article 25 guarantees freedom of religion, but it is subject to? Public order, Morality & Health
  152. ‘Contempt of Court’ places restriction on which of the following FR? (Right) Freedom
  153. Right to life and personal liberty guaranteed under Article 21 implies? right of every human being to live with dignity
  154. Any law depriving personal liberty guaranteed under the Article 21 had to confirm with? Article 20 & Article 22
  155. Any law laid down by the Parliament to deprive the personal liberty should be? Fair,Reasonable & Just
  156. This is not a Writ? Writ of Prevention
  157. How many types of writs are there? 5
  158. Writ can be directly filed in the? Supreme Court
  159. The writ of Habeas Corpus is issued? in the form of an order calling upon a person who has detained another person to bring that person before court and show authority for such detention
  160. The writ of Quo Warranto is an order from a superior court? whereby it can call upon a person to show under what authority he is holding the office
  161. The writ of Mandamus is issued by a superior court to? to command a person or public authority to do something in the nature of the public duty
  162. The writ of Certiorari is issued by a superior court? to an inferior court to transfer the record of proceedings in a case for review
  163. The writ of Prohibition is issued by a superior court? to prevent an inferior court or tribunal from exceeding its jurisdiction or acting contrary to the rules of natural justice
  164. Writ of Prohibition? Prohibits lower court exceeding its jurisdiction
  165. The writ issued by the superior court directing any constitutional, statutory or nonstatutory agency from not continuing their proceedings is known as? Prohibition
  166. Writ of Certiorari is issued when a? judicial authority acts in excess of jurisdiction
  167. The writ in the form of order which removes a suit from an inferior court to superior court to prevent an excess of jurisdiction is known as? Certiorari
  168. Exploitation of any sort is prohibited under the Article? 23
  169. A laborer is entitled to get at least minimum wages, otherwise ____ Article is violated.? 23
  170. Child labor is prohibited under the Article? 24
  171. Conflict of interest may be? potential
  172. A person is detained under the Special Law when? there is likelihood of committing offence against public
  173. When a person is detained under a Special Law? An Advisory Board must be constituted within three months
  174. Writ of Mandamus can be issued on the ground of? Non-performance of public duties
  175. Writ of Quo Warranto can be issued on the ground of? Unlawful occupation of public office
  176. Which of the following writ is issued by the Supreme Court if it sends an order to restrain a person from acting in an office to which he / she is not entitled? Quo Warranto
  177. Writ of Habeas Corpus means? produce the body before the court
  178. Which one of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom? Habeas Corpus
  179. Which one of the following writs literally means ‘you may have the body’? Habeas Corpus
  180. According to the Constitution guarantees FRs to? All citizens of India
  181. Right to Property was excluded form the FRs during the tenure of the Government headed by? Morarji Desai
  182. The Right to Property was removed from the list of FRs enlisted in the Constitution of India through which one of the following Amendments? 44th
  183. The 44th Amendment of Constitution of India withdrew the FR is to? Property
  184. The Writs for the enforcement of FRs are issued by the? Supreme Court
  185. A Preventive Detention Act restraints the Right to? Freedom of Movement
  186. Article 19 of our Constitution forms the core of the Chapter on FRs. The number of categories of Freedoms that an Indian citizen shall have is? 6
  187. What is the minimum permissible age in years of employment in any factory or mine? 14
  188. Which Article of the Constitution of India says, “No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment?” 24
  189. “Equality and arbitrariness are sworn enemies”. This was said in the following Case? Royappa V/s Tamil Nadu State
  190. The Supreme Court of India has held that sexual harassment of working women amounts to violation of rights of gender equality and right to life and personal liberty. The Case in which the Apex Court held this was —- Vishaka and Others V/s State of Rajasthan
  191. Which one is a newly added FR? (Right to Education of Children
  192. FRs can be suspended during? Emergency
  193. A Writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi-judicial / public authority to perform its mandatory duty is? Mandamus
  194. Writs are? Orders issued by courts to enforce obedience to laws
  195. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? Freedom of Conscience –Include the Right to worship at the temple at all hours of the day
  196. The FRs are- Limitation upon the State power. FRs are Positive and Negative.
  197. The FRs provided to the citizens are? Subject to reasonable restrictions
  198. Which important Human Right is protected in the Article 21 of Constitution of India? (Right to) Life and Liberty
  199. Freedom from arbitrary arrest is provided under? Right to Personal Liberty
  200. The number of Fundamental Freedoms are guaranteed by our Constitution are? Six
  201. To prevent persons coming to India from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and African countries to become Indian citizens a Citizenship (Amendment) Act was passed in the year? 1986

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