This Day in History on 23rd March

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam. 

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 23rd March. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

World Water Day: This day is celebrated all over the word to highlight the water-related issues. In 1993, the United Nations General Assembly designated 22 March as the first World Water Day. The day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries. The day also focuses on advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

Important Events

1739: Nader Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.

1890: Ram Chandra Chatterjee became the first Indian to fly in a balloon and land in a parachute.

1912: The State of Bihar, India was carved out of the State of Bengal.

1917: America became the first country to recognize the new government of Russia.

1942: The Cripps Mission came to India under the leadership of Sir Stafford Cripps.

1945: The Arab League was founded.

1947: Lord Mountbatten came to India as the last Viceroy of India.

1956: Anti-apartheid leader Martin Luther King jailed in the US for opposing racist legislation.

1969: Inauguration of Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited.

1977: Indira Gandhi resigned as Prime Minister.

1999: Shekhar Kapoor’s film Elizabeth received the Oscar for Best Makeup.

2020: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the country’s largest-ever self-imposed curfew (Janata Curfew), to fight the spread of COVID-19.

Robert Andrews Millikan
Robert Andrews Millikan

Birthday / Anniversary

1797: Wilhelm I, the King of Prussia and the first German Emperor.

1868: Robert Andrews Millikan, American experimental physicist

1869: Emilio Aguinaldo, the first and the youngest President of the Philippines and the first president of a constitutional republic in Asia.

1908: Tribhuvandas Luhar, a Gujarati poet and author from India.

1924: Al Neuharth, the founder of USA Today, the Freedom Forum, and its Newseum.

1931: Burton Richter, Nobel Prize-winning American physicist

1933: Sayyid Banisadr, the first President of Iran.

1935: Kadammanitta Ramakrishnan, an Indian poet.

Death / Death Anniversary

1832: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a German writer, and statesman.

1952: D. S. Senanayake, the first Prime Minister of Shri Lanka, considers as the Father of the Nation.

1977: A. K. Gopalan, an Indian communist leader.

2004: V. M. Tarkunde, a prominent Indian lawyer, civil rights activist, and humanist leader.

2005: Gemini Ganesan, an Indian actor.

2007: U. G. Krishnamurti, Indian-Italian philosopher and educator (b. 1918)

2014: Yashwant Vithoba Chittal, Indian author (b. 1928)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History

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