This Day in History on 1st May

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam. 

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 1st May. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

  • Gujarat Day
  • Maharashtra Day
  • International Workers’ Day or Labour Day (International)

Important Events

1707: The Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland merged and formed the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1840: The Penny Black, the first adhesive postage stamp, was issued in the United Kingdom.

1844: Hong Kong Police Force became the second modern police force in the world and the first in Asia.

1886: International Labor Day celebrated for the first time at the second meeting of the Communist Internation

1890, 1st May: World Labor Day celebrated for the first time in the world.

1897: Swami Vivekanand established Ramkrishna Mission.

1886: May Day was first observed in Chicago, USA. Work, Social activities, Rest, for 8 Hours.

1902: Tornodo hit Dhaka part of Bengal, claims 416 lives.

1908: Praful Chaki committed suicide after he threw a bomb on Judge Kingsford of Mujaffarpur, killing two inocent women.

1909: Madame Bhikaji Cama secretly left London and went to France where she was wrote and spoke about the cruelty of Britishers.

1923: Under the leadership of Singaravelu Chettiar, the first May day was celebrated in India.

1926: Jim Corbett killed the notorious man-eating leopard of Rudraprayag at Gulabrai village, who had attacked and killed about 125 people.

1927: World Labor Day celebrated in India for the first time.

1930: The ninth planet in the solar system named Pluto.

1940: Marathi magzine `Digdarshan’ was published.

1940: Olympic Games were canceled due to war.

1947: Congress Working Committee accepts Partition in principle.

1948: Baroda State merged into Bombay Province.

1958: Bell, 47 G3, the flight was upgraded to a helicopter unit with a Sqn Ldr as its Commanding Officer.

1960: Establishment of the Gujrat High Court.

1960: Old Bombay province was divided between Maharashtra and Gujrat States.

1961: Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro declared Cuba a socialist nation and canceled elections.

1964: Ravishankar University was established at Raipur in Madhya Pradesh.

1966: Marathi becomes the official language of Maharashtra.

1972: All fuel coal mines were nationalised.

1973: All non-fuel Coal Mines fields were nationalised.

1977: Janata Party was established.

1978: Japan’s Naomi Uemura became the first man to reach the North Pole alone.

1981: Sindhudurga district was formed in Maharashtra State.

1993: Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadas died in bombing.

1994: Political party Shiromani Akali Dal was established.

1996: Ban imposed (through a Delhi high court judgment) on the film ‘Bandit Queen’, based on the life of Phoolan Devi, lifted by Supreme Court.

1996: International women’s master Anupama Gokhale of Bharat Petroleum becomes the first woman in the history of Indian chess to win an all-India level international rating tournament with her bagging the Mohammed Hassan memorial title.

1996: P. Shiv Shanker, Kerala Governor, resigns in view of the ongoing CBI investigation against him in the hawala case.

1997: Anand wins all three categories in Amber chess tournament in Monte Carlo.

1998: The Konkan Railway running for 760-km is dedicated to the nation by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. This was an extention from Ratnagiri.

2000: Bidyut Ganguly (64), veteran CPI(M) leader and West Bengal Commerce and Industry Minister, died of severe burns in Calcutta.

2011: United States President BarackObama confirmed that al-Qaeda leader OsamabinLaden had been killed in his compound in Abbottabad, northeastern Pakistan.

Birthday / Anniversary

1867: Sri Kasinadhuni Nageswara Rao Pantulu, great freedom fighter, journalist, nationalist, politician, pioneer in library movement and litterateur, was born at Elakurru village in Gudivada Taluk, District Krishna.

1913: Balraj Sahani, famous film actor, was born.

1915: Rameshwar Shukla ‘Anchal’, modern Hindi poet, novelist and essay writer, was born.

1919: Manna Dey, an internationally acclaimed Indian playback singer, music director, musician, and Indian classical vocalist.

1922: Madhu Limaye, great politician, freedom fighter, writer and national leader, was born at Pune, Maharashtra.

1927: Dr. Namwar Singh was born.

1931: Rajkumar Singhajit Singh, a leading exponent, choreographer, and guru of the Indian classical dance form of Manipuri.

1932: S. M. Krishna, an Indian politician and the 16th Chief Minister of Karnataka.

1944: Suresh Kalmadi, Indian businessman and politician

1946: Joanna Lumley, actress (Abs Fab, OHM’s Secret Service), was born in Kashmir, India.

1955: Anand Mahindra, an Indian billionaire businessman, and the chairman of Mahindra Group

1971: Ajith Kumar, Indian actor, F2 Racer

1988: Anushka Sharma, an Indian actress, and producer.

Death / Death Anniversary

1945: Paul Joseph Goebbels, a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany.

1972: Kamalnayan Bajaj was an Indian businessman and politician.

1983: V. N. Swamy, pace bowler without distinction in one Test for India, passed away.

1992: C. Arjun, famous music director, passed away.

1993: Narayan Ganesh Goray, socialist stalwart, 86, passed away in Pune.

2002: Ebrahim Al-Arrayedh, Indian poet and author (b. 1908)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History

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