This Day in History on 1st April

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam. 

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 1st April. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

  • April Fools’ Day
  • Arbor Day (Tanzania)
  • Civil Service Day (Thailand)
  • Cyprus National Day (Cyprus)
  • National Civil Service Day (Thailand)

Important Events

1669: Aurangzeb deployed Special Forces to demolish temples in northern India.

1855: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s first Bengali primer ‘Varnaparichay’ was published.

1869: Income Tax was imposed. On the same day, New Indian Divorce Act came into operation.

1878: Calcutta Museum was opened for general public.

1882: Savings Bank Postal system was introduced.

1887: Establishment of the Mumbai Fire Brigade.

1889: Hindu’, English language newspaper changed its periodicity from weekly (20/09/1888) to daily.

1889: Dr. Keshavrao Baliram Hedgewar, politician, and founder of Rashtriya Swayansewak Sangh (RSS), was born.

1895: Establishment of the Indian Army.

1902: Laxmidas Purshottamdas Jai, cricketer, (one Test, India v England 1934, scored 19 & 0), was born in Bombay.

1912: The imperial capital of India was moved from Calcutta to Old New Delhi and the Province of Delhi was declared by a proclamation.

1918: Royal Air Force replaces Royal Flying Corps in Britain.

1920: S. Bhattacharya, cricket Test Umpire for 2 tests from 1963-70, was born in Delhi.

1930: The minimum age of marriage for girls in India was set at 14 and for boys by 18 years.

1930: Government announced 15 yrs and 18 yrs as the minimum marriageable age for girls and boys. This is presently remodified.

1933: First Indian Air Force aircraft landed at Karachi.

1933: Indian Air Force was established at Drigh Road in Karachi (now in Pakistan). Subroto Mukherjee and four other officers were inducted as pilots when the first Indian Air Force Squadron was formed.

1935: Establishment of the Reserve Bank of India.

1936: Establishment of the Indian state Odisha.

1957: Decimal system introduced in India.

1973: Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Jim Corbett National Park, India.

1976: Establishment of the Apple Inc. in Cupertino, California, United States.

1990: Bharat Ratna awarded to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

2004: Google launched the Gmail e-mail system.

Birthday / Anniversary

1578: William Harvey, an English physician.

1621: Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion.

1815: Otto von Bismarck, the first chancellor of Germany.

1856: Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)

1889: K. B. Hedgewar, the founding Sarsanghachalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.

1907:  Shivakumara Swami, Indian religious leader, and philanthropist

1909: Shivakumara Swami, an Indian supercentenarian, humanitarian, spiritual leader, and educator.

1936: Tarun Gogoi, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Assam

1936: Abdul Qadeer Khan, Indian-Pakistani physicist, chemist, and engineer

1937: Mohammad Hamid Ansari, the 12th Vice President of India.

1941: Ajit Wadekar, an Indian international cricketer.

1947: Ajit Pal Singh, the captain of the Indian hockey team.

Death / Death Anniversary

1984: Narayanrao Vyas, a Hindustani musician of Gwalior Gharana.

1999: Shriram Bhikaji Welankar, the father of the Indian Postal Department’s pin code system.

2012: N. K. P. Salve, a veteran Indian politician.

2016: Pratyusha Banerjee, an Indian television actress.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History

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