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This Day in History on 1st April

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including that of the IAS Exam. 

On this page, we will list all historical events that have occurred on 1st April. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days:

  • April Fools’ Day
  • Arbor Day (Tanzania)
  • Civil Service Day (Thailand)
  • Cyprus National Day (Cyprus)
  • National Civil Service Day (Thailand)

Important Events:

  • 1936: Odisha becomes a state in India.
  • 1935: India’s central banking institution, The Reserve Bank of India is formed.
  • 1855: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s first Bengali primer ‘Varnaparichay’ was published.
  • 1869: Income Tax was imposed. On the same day, New Indian Divorce Act came into operation.
  • 1878: Calcutta Museum was opened for general public.
  • 1882: Savings Bank Postal system was introduced.
  • 1889: Hindu’, English language newspaper changed its periodicity from weekly (20/09/1888) to daily.
  • 1889: Dr. Keshavrao Baliram Hedgewar, politician, and founder of Rashtriya Swayansewak Sangh (RSS), was born.
  • 1902: Laxmidas Purshottamdas Jai, cricketer, (one Test, India v England 1934, scored 19 & 0), was born in Bombay.
  • 1912: The imperial capital of India was moved from Calcutta to Old New Delhi and the Province of Delhi was declared by a proclamation.
  • 1918: Royal Air Force replaces Royal Flying Corps in Britain.
  • 1920: S. Bhattacharya, cricket Test Umpire for 2 tests from 1963-70, was born in Delhi.
  • 1930: Government announced 15 yrs and 18 yrs as the minimum marriageable age for girls and boys. This is presently remodified.
  • 1933: Indian Air Force was established at Drigh Road in Karachi (now in Pakistan). Subroto Mukherjee and four other officers were inducted as pilots when the first Indian Air Force Squadron was formed.
  • 1973: Project Tiger, a tiger conservation project, is launched in the Jim Corbett National Park, India.

Birthday / Anniversary:

  • 1941: Ajit Laxman Wadekar, cricketer (stalwart Indian batsman & capt and Team Manager), was born in Bombay. He has received the Arjun Award (1967) and Padmashree (1972).
  • 1889: K. B. Hedgewar, Indian physician, and activist (d. 1940)
  • 1856: Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
  • 1907:  Shivakumara Swami, Indian religious leader, and philanthropist
  • 1936 – Tarun Gogoi, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Assam
  • 1936 – Abdul Qadeer Khan, Indian-Pakistani physicist, chemist, and engineer

Death / Death Anniversary:

  • 2012: N. K. P. Salve, Indian accountant, and politician (b. 1921)

Futher Reading

Month-wise This Day in History

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