Dhar commission report created much resentment and led to the appointment of another Linguistic Provinces Committee by the Congress in December 1948, to examine the whole question afresh.
It consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallahbhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya and hence, was popularly known as JVP Committee.
It submitted its report in April 1949, and formally rejected language as the basis for the reorganisation of states.
However, in October 1953, the Government of India was forced to create the first linguistic state, known as the Andhra state, by separating the Telugu speaking areas from the Madras state.
This followed a prolonged popular agitation and the death of Potti Sriramulu, a Congressperson of standing, after a 56-day hunger strike for the cause.
Thereafter in December 1948, JVP Committee (Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabh Bhai Patel, and Pattabhi Sitaramayya) was set up to reexamine the possibility of the linguistic reorganization of the Indian States.
The Congress appointed a committee (JVP), with Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya as its members.
The committee consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru and Vallabhbhai Patel, in addition to the Congress president Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
The committee recommended the reorganization of States on the basis of security, unity, and economic prosperity of the nation. The Committee also recommended that the creation of new provinces be delayed for a few years so that they could focus on other important issues and not be distracted by this one.
It was in December 1948 that the VP Committee on Linguistic Provinces was established.