All Important Paronyms and Homonyms to Learn by Heart – English
Access – approach
It is very difficult to have an access to the Prime Minister. Accession (coming to throne)The accession of the prince to the throne was welcomed by the people. Excess(more than desired)Excess of everything is bad.
The teachers accepted the invitation of the students on the Teacher’s Day.
Except(leaving out) – Everybody except Rahul was invited to the party.
Expect(hope) – I never expected that my friends would desert me in the lurch.
Alter(change) Mohan is so obstinate that no one can alter his views.
Altar(place of worship) When I visited temple, I saw him kneeling at the altar.
Assent(agree) I got assent of my father to study in a boarding school.
Ascent(climbing up) The ascent to Kargil hills is very arduous.
Adopt(take up) One should not adopt the bad habits of others.
Adapt(adjust) One must learn to adapt oneself to the circumstances of life.
Adept(expert) Shruti is adept in the art of dancing.
Amicable(friendly) Finally the two brothers came to an amicable settlement.
Amiable(lovable, obliging) Being an amiable house wife she is liked by her kith and kin.
Accede(accept) The director was kind enough to accede to the request of the labourers.
Exceed(surpass) Your essay should not exceed three hundred words.
Concede(agree) The prisoner did not concede to the argument of the jailor.
Alteration(change) There is no alteration In the programme yet.
Altercation(wordy quarrel) There was altercation between the shop keeper and my brother.
Apposite(suitable) Her remarks about the character of her friends are quite apposite.
Opposite(contrary) Sita’s behavior is opposite to that of her brother.
Affect(to influence, to pretend) Continuous attack of asthma has affected his health.
Effect(influence) – Excessive hard work in life had adverse effect on her health.
The poem is explained properly by the help of many allusions.
Illusion(unreal) – According to the Vedantists life is an illusion.
Ail(suffer) Rohit is getting weaker day by day, we don’t know what ails him.
Ale(intoxicating drink) – He visits ale house daily even against the advice of doctors.
Apprehend(fear, perceive, arrest) The soothsayer apprehended the day of Rohit’s death.
Comprehend(understand) – She could not comprehend the meaning of the passage.
Admission(to get admitted, acceptance) These days in order to get admission to convent schools you must give a lot of money.
Admittance(entry) – No admittance without permission.
Antique(of ancient times) There are many antique pieces in the museum.
Antic(odd, tricks) – Antics of the juggler regaled the children.
Alternate(by turns) We have a moral science class on every alternate day.
Alternative(one of the two choices) – There is no alternative to honesty in dealing with the people.
She was able to change the behavior of her in laws towards her by artful means.
Artistic(pertaining to art) – Everybody admires her for artistic temperament.
Artist(one who practices fine art)
He is a frivolous artist.
Artiste(performing) – There was no security for the artiste, who had come to perform for the charity show.
Artisan(one who does handicraft) – The artisans of Moradabad are very skilful.
Affection(love, kindly feeling) My mother is held in high affection and respect by all the members of the family.
Affectation(unnatural behavior, pretence) – I always feel vexed at her affectation.
Abstain(keep form things(eating, drinking, voting) we would abstain from drinking.
Refrain(keep from bad habits) – You should refrain from telling a lie.
Avenge(just punishment) Hamlet delayed avenging the murder of his father.
Revenge(to punish out of personal grudge) – He revenged himself on his enemy by abducting his minor child.
Adulteration(making impure) The owners of the milk dairy were charged with adulteration of milk.
Adultery(having extra marital relations) – Her husband accused her of adultery and deserted her.
Aspersion(slander) We should not cast aspersions on our friends.
Aspiration(ambition, desire) – You can attain your aspiration only by hard work.
Avert(to check) A little common sense averted a major mishap.
Advert(refer to ) – He adverted to the problem of Indian security in his speech.
Birth(to be born) The exact date of the birth of a person is known from his birth certificate.
Berth(a seat in a train) – I have got two berths booked in the Rajdhani Express.
Bridle(reins) It is very difficult to control a horse without a bridle.
Bridal(of bride) – The bridal dress must have cost a lot.
Barbaric(savage, simple) She was selected to play the part of village damsel because of her barbaric beauty.
Barbarous(inhuman) – The muslim invaders were barbarous in their wars.
Barbarity(cruelty) Hitler’s barbarity is too terrible to be related.
Barbarism(uncivilized conditions) – Barbarism still prevails in most of the tribal regions of the world.
Beneficial(useful) Nutritious food is beneficial for health.
Beneficent(kind) – Everybody paid rich tribute to the king as he was beneficent to all and sundry.
Beside(by the side of) He sat beside her father.
Besides(in addition to) – Besides English she is also learning French.
Bear(tolerate, carry, give birth) Mohan cannot bear being insulted by his boss.
Bare(naked) – He was bitten by a snake as he was bare foot.
Borne(carried) The dead body was borne by his friends.
Born(take birth) – Pearl was born in Ashwini Hospital at Mumbai.
Bail(security) His application for release on bail was rejected.
Bale(bundle of cloth) – He was carrying a bale of cotton on his head.
Beatific(feeling joy & peace) – The saints are always in a beatific state of mind.
Beatitude(state of bliss, blessedness)He experienced beatitude before he died.
Caste(class of society) – In ancient times people were divided into different castes according to the work they did.
Cast(throw) – We cast away old clothes and buy new ones.
Cost(price) – The cost of living has risen a lot.
Childlike(simple, innocent as a child) – Her childlike face has won over many hearts.
Childish(silly) – No body likes him for his childish habits.
Canvass(propagate) – Because of approaching elections people are canvassing for their candidates.
Canvas(rough cloth) – While jogging he always wears canvas shoes.
Cite(to quote) – The advocate cited many examples to prove his case.
Site(place) – It is a very spacious site for constructing a nursing home.
Sight(scenery, vision)The mutilated body of a child was a ghastly sight.
Continuous(without break) – He has been sleeping for an hour continuously.
Continual(continuity with break) – It has been drizzling continually since last night.
Cemetery(burial place) – The dead body was taken to the cemetery for burial.
Symmetry(quality of harmony or balance in size and design) – The building looks exquisite only because of its remarkable symmetry.
Career(vocation, profession) – If we want to make a good career we must work.
Carrier(that one carries) – The goods were taken to the destination on public carrier.
Confident(certain, sure) – I am very confident of my friend’s success in the interview.
Confidant(one who shares a secret(Once his confidant, now Dinesh is the arch enemy of his mentor.
compliment(regards) – I complimented my friend on her success.
Complement(that completes)Both husband and wife are complement to each other.
Cannon(big gun) – Hundreds of cannons were shot in the battlefield.
Canon(principle, a law) Canons of any religion are not easy to follow.
Creditable(praiseworthy) – It is really creditable for a village boy to have topped the university.
Credible(believable)Your excuse is not credible.
Credulous(simple, artless)Children are credulous by nature.
Coma(state of unconsciousness) – After the accident my friend had been in state of coma for several hours.
Comma(a mark of punctuation) – Comma is a very important part of learning punctuation.
Corporal(physical) – In our school the children are not given corporal punishment.
Corporeal(having body, material) Ghosts are not corporeal beings.
Comprehensive(exhaustive, extensive) – Comprehensive steps have been taken to meet with unforeseen emergency.
Contagious(that spreads by contact) Small pox is a contagious disease.
Contiguous(adjacent)New Delhi and Noida are contiguous.
Censure(blame, criticize) – Censure motion tabled by the opposition fell through.
Censor(examination of films and plays)The film “The Bandit Queen” has not been approved of by the censor board.
Collision(striking against(face to face) – Due to heavy fog the car met with a collision.
Collusion(nexus)There was a collusion between the smugglers and the political leaders.
Contemptible(deserving contempt) – The conduct of the taxi driver was highly mean and contemptible.
Contemptuous(expressing contemptuous) She dismissed the servant with contemptuous gesture.
Considerable(large, to great extent) – The industrialist spent considerable amount of money to uplift the living conditions of his workers.
Considerate(thoughtful of others)He is beneficent and considerate to his subordinates.
Ceremonious(formal) – One should not be very ceremonious in the marriage of daughters.
Ceremonial(of ceremony)I could not attend the ceremonial function of his marriage.
Complaisant(Pleasing, obliging) – He is popular with his friends on account of his complaisant nature.
Complacent(self satisfied)Most of the students of my class are complacent in their outlook and will not revolt against the principal.
Conscious(aware) – We should always by conscious of what is going on around the world.
Conscience(inner voice)I always act according to my conscience.
Consensus(general agreement)Government should be run by consensus.
Conscientious(honest, scrupulous)Being a conscientious worker he never shirks work.
Coherent(intelligible) – She was so nervous that her works were not coherent.
Inherent(inborn quality)sincerity is inherent in her character.
Collaborate(work together) – Indian industries are compelled to collaborate with multinational companies for survival.
Corroborate(confirm)the principal corroborated the teacher’s statement made to the police.
Casual(occasional) – He is on casual leave today.
Causal(relating to cause)There is definite causal relationship between population and poverty.
council(an assembly) – The legislative council has passed the Bill.
Counsel(advice) His counsel proved very beneficial in the end.
Councillor(member of council) – He is a councilor of the Legislative Council.
Counselor(adviser)I have engaged a noted counselor to defend my case.
Corpse(dead body) – A mutilated corpse was found in a locked house.
Corps(body of troops)He is serv9ing in Army Ordnance Corps.
Carcass(dead body of animal)A Carcass of a dog was lying in the road.
coarse(rough) – Though he is quite rich, he wears coarse clothes.
Course(line of action)He has given up immoral course of life.
Century(one hundred) – Twentieth century will be known as the age of science.
Centenary(100th anniversary)Centenary of Indian National Movement was celebrated in 1985 A.D.
Conservation(preservation) – Conservation of forests is very important for our survival.
Conservatism(orthodox ideas) I am quite liberal and do not believe in conservatism.
Conform(adhere to) – You must conform to the rules laid down by your company.
Confirm(ratify) I shall confirm my programme tomorrow.
Capacity(ability to contain) – The hall has a seating capacity for five hundred students.
Capability(power of doing things)My friend has capability to do any difficult task.
Commonplace(ordinary, usual) – We are fed up with the commonplace speeches of our leaders.
Common place(place for all) The street is a common place for everyone.
Commandeer(seize for military purpose) – When martial law was imposed in Pakistan huge area of vacant land was commandeered for building air strip.
Commander(one who commands)The commander of the army ordered the soldiers to capture the fort.
Disease(illness) – My friend is suffering from an incurable disease.
Decease(death)On account of the decease of his father, the burden of the family fell on hid shoulders.
Deny(refers to past(action, knowledge) – She denied that she had gone to the movie last night.
Refuse(refers to future(request, order) Meeta refused that she would not return the money.
Duel(fight between two persons) – In ancient times many duels were fought in order to settle disputes.
Dual(double)she follows dual policy and misguides her husband.
Deference(regards) – All children should have deference for their elders.
Difference(distinction)There is no difference among the basic concepts of all the religions.
Deferment(postponement)His application for deferment of hearing was turned down.
Decent(right and suitable) – She always wears decent clothes.
Descent(coming down)The descent of the hill is very dangerous.
Dissent(disagreement)Only a few members expressed dissent to my suggestion.
Desert(sandy land) – The government has greatly solved the problem of pure drinking water in the desert.
Desert(leave)She was deserted by her husband.
Dessert(sweet dish)Dessert was served after dinner.
Dominant(dominating) – Sohan is very dominant in our class.
Domineer(to dominate)Mothers in law try to domineer over their daughters in law.
Drought(lack of rain) – Last year most of the areas of Uttar Pradesh suffered from a severe drought.
Draught(current of wind, quantity of liquid) A draught of cool wind was very refreshing.
Defective(having defect) – As he met with a severe accident last year, one of his legs is defective.
Deficient(lacking)Though young he is deficient in common sense.
diverse(different) – The two children of one family may have diverse temperaments.
Divers(several)(i)He has consulted divers doctors about his disease. (ii)Those, who dive into river/sea, are divers.
Deduce(infer) – It is difficult to deduce any conclusion from your ambiguous remarks.
Deduct(subtract)Two days’ wages will be deducted from your monthly salary.
Deliverance(freedom, emancipation) – Lord Buddha preached eight fold path to attain deliverance from sorrows of life.
Delivery(giving letters etc.)the delivery of the letter was just in time.
Decry(criticize) – The foreign policy of the Congress party has always been decried.
Descry(dimly seen)We could descry only a traveler in the bleak evening.
Defy(violate) – How dare you defy my orders?
Deify(to worship)Swami Vivekananda is deified by every Indian.
Doze(sleep) – the teacher caught him dozing in the class.
Dose(of medicine)You should not take heavy dose of medicine.
Dam(barrier built to reserve water) – A dam has been built on the river.
Damn(condemn)The book was damned by the critics.
Diversion(change in direction) – There is a diversion on the road ahead.
Diversity(variety)Diversity is the chief feature of our civilization.
Enviable(causing envy) – All the people are jealous because of his enviable position in the society.
Envious(feeling of envy)Her friends were envious of her success in the medical entrance examination.
Exception(objection) – There are always exceptions to rules in every language.
Exceptional(rare, to a large extent)In his own class Rohit is a body of exceptional abilities.
Exceptionable(objectionable)I objected to her exceptionable remarks against my parents.
Eminent(famous) – Shakespeare was an eminent playwright.
Imminent(impending)Third world war is imminent.
Immanent(present everywhere)Divine force is immanent in universe.
Eligible(fit to be chosen) – Untrustworthy people are not eligible for responsible posts.
Illegible(that cannot be read)I can’t read this letter as her handwriting is illegible.
Exceedingly(to a great extent(good sense) – One of my cousins is an exceedingly rich person.
Excessively(to a great extent(bad sense) They spent money on the feast lavishly and excessively.
Exhausting(tiring) – Teaching nursery classes is a very exhausting job.
Exhausted(tired)He was exhausted and went to bed immediately.
Economical(Frugal) – A housewife should always be economical if she wants to run her house smoothly.
Economic(pertaining to economy)India is yet to cross many hurdles to overcome economic crisis.
Elude(escape) – Sohan was so clever that he eluded the police and escaped from the prison.
Allude(refer,cite)The speaker alluded to many examples from the Gita.
Excite(stir up feelings) – The people got very excited when the police refused to take any action against the culprits.
Incite(rousing to action)The communal speech of the leader incited the mob to violence.
Insight(ability to see the truth)India needs leaders of great insight.
Envelop(cover, wrap) – AS the dark clouds covered the sky, the whole town was enveloped in darkness.
Envelope(a letter cover)Please put the letter in the envelope.
Expeditious(quick, prompt) – Dattu is very expeditious in answering letters.
Expedient(practical, contrary to principles) Selfish persons are always expedient in their approach to life.
Expedition(a journey to unknown place) They will go on an expedition to Everest.
Esteem(respect) – As Mahesh is very sociable, he is held in high esteem by his friends.
Estimate(calculate) Can you give me the estimate of the cost of the house?
Estimation(opinion, judgement)In my estimation he is the fool of the first water.
Exposure(reveal, exposed to heat or cold) – She will not attend office today as she is suffering from exposure.
Exposition(explanation) Tilak’s exposition of the Gita is remarkable.
Egoist(one who believes in self interest, proud) – An egoist is moved only by self-interest while helping others.
Emerge(come out) – It is hoped that he will emerge successful out of these trying conditions.
Immerse(plunge into, absorb in) Being a man of contemplative nature, he is always immersed in pensive mood.
Eruption(bursting) – The eruption of volcano caused heavy destruction on the island.
Irruption(attack)The irruption of Pakistan Army was successfully repulsed.