1995 – The Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lanka Air Force killing 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
1999 – Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, replacing the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The organization’s first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
2006 – One hundred and twenty-five people are killed when S7 Airlines Flight 778, an Airbus A310 passenger jet, veers off the runway while landing in wet conditions at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia.
2011 – South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.
1925 – Guru Dutt, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 1964)
1930 – K. Balachander, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2014)
1938 – Sanjeev Kumar, Indian film actor (d. 1985)
1944 – Judith M. Brown, Indian-English historian and academic
Death/ Death Anniversary