1497 – Vasco da Gama sets sail on the first direct European voyage to India.
1970 – Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American self-determination as official US Indian policy, leading to the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975.
1908 – V. K. R. Varadaraja Rao, Indian economist, politician, professor and educator (d. 1991)
1914 – Jyoti Basu, Indian politician, 6th Chief Minister of West Bengal (d. 2010)
1949 – Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, Indian politician, 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (d. 2009)
1972 – Sourav Ganguly, Indian cricketer
Death/ Death Anniversary
2007 – Chandra Shekhar, Indian lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of India (b. 1927)
2013 – Sundri Uttamchandani, Indian author (b. 1924)