This Day in History on 5th April
The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including that of the IAS Exam.
On this page, we will list all historical events that have occurred on 5th April. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.
National Maritime Day of India: On this day in 1919 navigation history was created when SS Loyalty, the first ship of the Scindia Steam Navigation Company, journeyed to the United Kingdom. The National Maritime Day was first celebrated on 5th April, 1964. The London-based International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has 158 countries as its members, India became its member in 1959.
Christian feast day
1942: World War II- The Imperial Japanese Navy launches a carrier-based air attack on Colombo, Ceylon during the Indian Ocean raid. Port and civilian facilities are damaged and the Royal Navy cruisersHMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
1581: Mahmud Gawan was appointed as Prime Minister, an office which he held till his execution.
1614: Indian princess Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
1663: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj attacked Shahistekhan at Pune.
1848: Satara kingdom came to end.
1919: India’s first modern shipping company Scindia Steam Navigation’s first ship ‘Liberty’ started its journey. The weight of the ship was 5,940 tonnes.
1930: Mahatma Gandhi reached Dandi, a small costal village in Gujarat, after travelling 385 kms with 78 followers to break the recently imposed “”Salt Law””. This event is known as ‘Dandi March’ and was started from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
1949: Indian Boy Scout and Girl Guide were established and renamed as Bharat Scouts and Guides.
1950: Spurred by recent clashes in East and West Bengal between Muslims and Hindus, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his Pakistani couterpart Ali Khan today reached agreement on a “”Bill of Rights for Minorities””. This bill included a provision for “”drumhead justice,”” or summary justice to persons convicted of violating minority
1957: The first Communist ministry in a state was installed in Kerala.
1961: Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited was established in New Delhi by Indian Government for allopathic drugs.
1979: First Naval Museum of India established in Bombay.
1984: Rakesh Sharma,Squadron leader, becomes India’s first spaceman when he is launched aboard Soyuz T-11 of Soviet Union.
1987: The centenary of Bombay Fire Brigade was celebrated. (CIVIC).
1990: Mrs.Sheela Flather, an Indian national, becomes the first Asian to be nominated to the House of Lords.
1990: Lok Sabha passes the Punjab Bill.
1991: Kerala Assembly dissolved paving way for elections.
1993: G. V. Iyer’s Sanskrit film ‘Bhagavad Geeta was adjudged the best film at the National Film Awards.
1993: The Left and Democratic Front earns two third majority at the Tripura Assembly elections.
Birthday / Anniversary:
1908: Babu Jagjivan Ram, valiant freedom fighter, was born in Chandwa village in Bhojpur, Bihar.
1938: Anil Rakeshi, great poet, Hindi writer and critic, was born at Nahan (H.P.).
1920: Rafiq Zakaria, Indian cleric, scholar, and politician (d. 2005)
1947: Virendra Sharma, Indian-English lawyer and politician
1967: Anu Garg, Indian-American journalist and author
Death / Death Anniversary:
1922: Pandita Ramabai, social worker and philosophist, passed away.
1940: Charles Freer Andrews, a Christian Missionary, died in Calcutta. He is also referred as “Deenabandhu Andrews”
1989: Pannalal Patel, great Gujrati litterateur, died.
1993: Divya Bharti, Indian actress (b. 1974)
2007: Leela Majumdar, Indian author and academic (b. 1908)
2007: Poornachandra Tejaswi, Indian ornithologist, author, and photographer (b. 1938)
2013: Mohammad Ishaq Khan, Indian historian and academic (b. 1946)