On This Day 4 January

Important Days

World Braille Day

Important Events

1649 – English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.

1649 – English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.

1987 – The Maryland train collision: An Amtrak train en route to Boston from Washington, D.C., collides with Conrail engines in Chase, Maryland, United States, killing 16 people.

1989 – Second Gulf of Sidra incident: A pair of Libyan MiG-23 “Floggers” are shot down by a pair of US Navy F-14 Tomcats during an air-to-air confrontation.

1990 – In Pakistan’s deadliest train accident an overloaded passenger train collides with an empty freight train, resulting in 307 deaths and 700 injuries.

1998 – A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.

1999 – Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota, United States.

2004 – Spirit, a NASA Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.

2004 – Mikheil Saakashvili is elected President of Georgia following the November 2003 Rose Revolution.

2006 – Ehud Olmert becomes acting Prime Minister of Israel after the incumbent, Ariel Sharon, suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke.

2007 – The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

2010 – The Burj Khalifa, the current tallest building in the world, officially opens in Dubai.

2013 – A gunman kills eight people in a house-to-house rampage in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines.

2018 – Hennenman–Kroonstad train crash: A passenger train operated by Shosholoza Meyl collides with a truck on a level crossing at Geneva Station between Hennenman and Kroonstad, Free State, South Africa. Twenty people are killed and 260 injured.

Birth Anniversary

1889 – M. Patanjali Sastri, Indian lawyer and jurist, 2nd Chief Justice of India (d. 1963)

1941 – Kalpnath Rai, Indian politician (d. 1999)

Death Anniversary

1931 – Mohammad Ali Jouhar, Indian journalist, activist, and scholar (b. 1878)

1985 – Brian Horrocks, Indian-English general (b. 1895)

1994 – R. D. Burman, Indian film composer and music director (b. 1939)

2016 – S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 38th Chief Justice of India (b. 1947)

2016 – Stephen W. Bosworth, American academic and diplomat, United States Ambassador to South Korea (b. 1939)

2017 – Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (b. 1918)

2017 – Georges Prêtre, French orchestral and opera conductor (b. 1924)

2019 – Harold Brown, 14th United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1927)

2020 – Tom Long, Australian actor (b. 1940)

SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA – NOVEMBER 07: Australian actor Tom Long arrives for the 2001 Inside Film Awards at Wharf 8 on November 07, 2001 in Sydney, Australia. (Photo by Peter Carrette Archive/Getty Images)