This Day in History on 3 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including that of the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that have occurred on 3 January. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days



Important Events

1496: Leonardo da Vinci’s flight experiment failed.

1925: Benito Mussolini became a dictator of Italy.

1929: Mahatma Gandhi met Lord Irwin.

1943: Information about missing people broadcasted for the first time on television.

1947: The first televised telecast of the proceedings of the US Parliament took place.

1952: First national elections in independent India.

1957: Hamilton Electric launched the world’s first battery-powered wristwatch.

1968: Launch of the country’s first meteorological rocket Maneka.

1993: USA and Russia agreed to halve their nuclear weapons numbers.

2020: An American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport killed the Iranian General Qasem Soleimani.

A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower

1956: A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.

1977: Apple Computer is incorporated.
1990: United States invasion of Panama: Manuel Noriega, former leader of Panama, surrenders to American forces.

1999: The Mars Polar Lander is launched by NASA.

The Mars Polar Lander is launched by NASA

2016: Following the fallout caused by the execution of Nimr al-Nimr, Iran ends its diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia.


2018: Computer analysts report two major security vulnerabilities, named “Meltdown” and “Spectre,” affecting the microprocessors of almost all computers in the world.

Iranian General Qasem Soleimani


2019: Chang’e 4 makes the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon, deploying the Yutu-2 lunar rover.


2020: Iranian General Qasem Soleimani is killed by an American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Abdul Rahman Ya’kub

1730: Rani Velu Nachiyar, a queen of Sivaganga estate. She was the first queen to fight against the British colonial power in India.

1760: Veerapandiya Kattabomman, an 18th-century Telugu Palayakarrar and chieftain in Tamil Nadu.

1831: Savitribai Phule, an Indian social reformer, educationalist, and poet from Maharashtra.

1883: Clement Attlee, a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1892: J. R. R. Tolkien, an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic.

1921: Chetan Anand, a Hindi film producer, screenwriter, and director from India.

1938: Jaswant Singh, a retired officer of the Indian Army and a former cabinet minister.

1986: Navneet Kaur Rana, an Indian film actress who mainly acts in Telugu films.

1611: James Harrington, English political theorist (d. 1677)
1722: Fredrik Hasselqvist, Swedish biologist and explorer (d. 1752)
1760: Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Indian ruler (d. 1799)1831 – Savitribai Phule, Indian poet, educator, and activist (d. 1897)
1921: Chetan Anand, Indian director and screenwriter (d. 1997)
1928: Abdul Rahman Ya’kub, Malaysian lawyer and politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Sarawak (d. 2015)

1966: Chetan Sharma, Indian cricketer

Death/Death Anniversary

Chetan Sharma
Satish Dhawan

1322: Philip V, the King of France and Navarre.

1867: Elias Howe Jr., an American inventor best known for his creation of the modern lockstitch sewing machine.

1903: Alois Hitler Sr., an Austrian civil servant and the father of Adolf Hitler.

Peter Naur
Bill Plager

1972: Mohan Rakesh, an Indian writer of Hindi literature.

1975: Lalit Narayan Mishra, a former Minister of Railways in the government of India.

2017: H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, an Indian politician from the state of Karnataka.

Colin Brumby
H. S. Mahadeva Prasad

1641: Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomer and mathematician (b. 1618)

1992: Judith Anderson, British actress (b. 1897)

2000: Sushila Nayyar, an Indian physician, veteran Gandhian, and politician.

Herb Kelleher

2002: Satish Dhawan, Indian engineer (b. 1920)

2009: Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1923)
2013: Sergiu Nicolaescu, Romanian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)
2014: Phil Everly, American singer and guitarist (b. 1939)
2014: George Goodman, American economist and author (b. 1930)
2014: Saul Zaentz, American film producer (b. 1921)
2015: Martin Anderson, American economist and academic (b. 1936)
2015: Edward Brooke, American captain and politician, 47th Massachusetts Attorney General (b. 1919)
2016: Paul Bley, Canadian-American pianist and composer (b. 1932)
2016: Peter Naur, Danish computer scientist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1928)
2016: Bill Plager, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1945)

2016: Igor Sergun, Russian general and diplomat (b. 1957)
2017: H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, Indian politician (b. 1958)

2018: Colin Brumby, Australian composer (b. 1933)
2019: Herb Kelleher, American businessman, co-founder of Southwest Airlines (b. 1931)

2020 – Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general, commander of the Iranian Quds Force (b. 1957)

Futher Reading

Month-wise This Day in History