This Day in History on 3 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 3 January. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1496: Leonardo da Vinci’s flight experiment failed.

1925: Benito Mussolini became a dictator of Italy.

1929: Mahatma Gandhi met Lord Irwin.

1943: Information about missing people broadcasted for the first time on television.

1947: The first televised telecast of the proceedings of the US Parliament took place.

1952: First national elections in independent India.

1957: Hamilton Electric launched the world’s first battery-powered wristwatch.

1968: Launch of the country’s first meteorological rocket Maneka.

1993: USA and Russia agreed to halve their nuclear weapons numbers.

2020: An American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport killed the Iranian General Qasem Soleimani.

A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower

1956: A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.

1977: Apple Computer is incorporated.

1990: United States invasion of Panama: Manuel Noriega, former leader of Panama, surrenders to American forces.

1999: The Mars Polar Lander is launched by NASA.

The Mars Polar Lander is launched by NASA

2016: Following the fallout caused by the execution of Nimr al-Nimr, Iran ends its diplomatic relations with Saudi Arabia.

2018: Computer analysts report two major security vulnerabilities, named “Meltdown” and “Spectre,” affecting the microprocessors of almost all computers in the world.

Iranian General Qasem Soleimani

2019: Chang’e 4 makes the first soft landing on the far side of the Moon, deploying the Yutu-2 lunar rover.

2020: Iranian General Qasem Soleimani is killed by an American airstrike near Baghdad International Airport

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Abdul Rahman Ya’kub

1730: Rani Velu Nachiyar, a queen of Sivaganga estate. She was the first queen to fight against the British colonial power in India.

1760: Veerapandiya Kattabomman, an 18th-century Telugu Palayakarrar and chieftain in Tamil Nadu.

1831: Savitribai Phule, an Indian social reformer, educationalist, and poet from Maharashtra.

1883: Clement Attlee, a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1892: J. R. R. Tolkien, an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic.

1921: Chetan Anand, a Hindi film producer, screenwriter, and director from India.

1938: Jaswant Singh, a retired officer of the Indian Army and a former cabinet minister.

1986: Navneet Kaur Rana, an Indian film actress who mainly acts in Telugu films.

1611: James Harrington, English political theorist (d. 1677)

1722: Fredrik Hasselqvist, Swedish biologist and explorer (d. 1752)

1760: Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Indian ruler (d. 1799)1831 – Savitribai Phule, Indian poet, educator, and activist (d. 1897)

1921: Chetan Anand, Indian director and screenwriter (d. 1997)

1928: Abdul Rahman Ya’kub, Malaysian lawyer and politician, 3rd Chief Minister of Sarawak (d. 2015)

1966: Chetan Sharma, Indian cricketer

Death/Death Anniversary

Chetan Sharma
Satish Dhawan

1322: Philip V, the King of France and Navarre.

1867: Elias Howe Jr., an American inventor best known for his creation of the modern lockstitch sewing machine.

1903: Alois Hitler Sr., an Austrian civil servant and the father of Adolf Hitler.

Peter Naur
Bill Plager

1972: Mohan Rakesh, an Indian writer of Hindi literature.

1975: Lalit Narayan Mishra, a former Minister of Railways in the government of India.

2017: H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, an Indian politician from the state of Karnataka.

Colin Brumby
H. S. Mahadeva Prasad

1641: Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomer and mathematician (b. 1618)

1992: Judith Anderson, British actress (b. 1897)

2000: Sushila Nayyar, an Indian physician, veteran Gandhian, and politician.

Herb Kelleher

2002: Satish Dhawan, Indian engineer (b. 1920)

2009: Pat Hingle, American actor (b. 1923)

2013: Sergiu Nicolaescu, Romanian actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1930)

2014: Phil Everly, American singer and guitarist (b. 1939)

2014: George Goodman, American economist and author (b. 1930)

2014: Saul Zaentz, American film producer (b. 1921)

2015: Martin Anderson, American economist and academic (b. 1936)

2015: Edward Brooke, American captain and politician, 47th Massachusetts Attorney General (b. 1919)

2016: Paul Bley, Canadian-American pianist and composer (b. 1932)

2016: Peter Naur, Danish computer scientist, astronomer, and academic (b. 1928)

2016: Bill Plager, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. 1945)

2016: Igor Sergun, Russian general and diplomat (b. 1957)

2017: H. S. Mahadeva Prasad, Indian politician (b. 1958)

2018: Colin Brumby, Australian composer (b. 1933)

2019: Herb Kelleher, American businessman, co-founder of Southwest Airlines (b. 1931)

2020 – Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general, commander of the Iranian Quds Force (b. 1957)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History