This Day in History on 31 August

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 31 August. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1897: Thomas Edison patented the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.

1920: Khilafat movement started in India. It was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign launched by Muslims of British India.

1936: Radio Prague, the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic, went on the air.

1947: Indian Standard Time (IST) was decided. Indian Standard Time is calculated based on 82.5°E longitude in the city of Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh. Which is situated approximately on the corresponding longitude reference line.

1956: The then President of India Rajendra Prasad approved the State Reorganization Bill.

1957: The Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia) gained its independence from the United Kingdom.

1962: Trinidad and Tobago became independent.

1968: Successfully launched two-stage rounding rocket Rohini-MSV-1 in India.

1970: Memorial of Swami Vivekananda was inaugurated by contemporaneous President of India V.V. Giri at Kanyakumari.

1971: David Scott became the seventh person to walk on the Moon.

1983: India’s satellite INSAT-1B is launched from the US space shuttle Challenger.

1996: Pandurang Shastri Athavale was honored with Raman Magsaysay Award.

2008: Government of India settled Amarnath land dispute.

Amrita Pritam

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1569: Jahangir, 4th Mughal Emperor.

1870: Maria Montessori, an Italian physician, and educator.

1888: Kanailal Dutta, Indian revolutionary freedom fighter.

Rituparno Ghosh

1907: Ramon Magsaysay, Pilipino captain, engineer, and politician. 7th president of Philipines.

1919: Amrita Pritam, Indian author, poet, and essay writer.

1940: Shivaji Samant, Indian author. Famous for his novel “Mrutyunjay” based on Mahabharata.

Javagal Srinath
Yuvan Shankar Raja

1942: Bubu Imam, Indian environmental activist.

1963: Rituparno Ghosh, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2013)

1969: Javagal Shrinath, Indian Cricketer.

1979: Yuvan Shankar Raja, Indian singer-songwriter and producer

1987: Kavin Bharati Mittal, Indian entrepreneur. Founder and CEO of Hike Messenger, the world’s sixth-largest mobile messaging application.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Kashiram Rana

1422 – Henry V of England.

1995: Sardar Biyant Singh, Former Chief Minister of Punjab, India.

1997 – Princess Dianna, Princess of Wales.

2002: Martin D Kamen, Canadian physicist. He discovered the Carbon-14 element, which allows biologists to look inside the chemistry of living cells.


2012 – Kashiram Rana, Indian lawyer and politician.

2014 – Bapu, Indian film director, and screenwriter.

2014 – Jimi Jamison, a Pop singer from Mississippi.

2020 – Pranab Mukharjee, Indian politician, 13th President of India.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History