Republic Day (India)
1565 – Battle of Talikota, fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates, leads to the subjugation, and eventual destruction of the last Hindu kingdom in India, and the consolidation of Islamic rule over much of the Indian subcontinent.
1856 – First Battle of Seattle. Marines from the USS Decatur drive off American Indian attackers after all day battle with settlers.
1930 – The Indian National Congress declares 26 January as Independence Day or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (“Complete Independence”) which occurred 17 years later.
Death/ Death Anniversary
1831 – Sangolli Rayanna, Indian soldier (b. 1798)
1887 – Anandi Gopal Joshi, One of the first female Indian physicians (b. 1865)
2013 – Padma Kant Shukla, Indian physicist and academic (b. 1950)