This Day in History on 25 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 25 January. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

National Voters’ Day (India)

Important Events

1755: The University of Moscow was established.

1856: Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians.

1880: Brahmo Samaj of modernisation and fraternity amongst religions Nababidhan Keshab Chandra Sen introduced.

1881: The Oriental Telephone Company was founded by Thomas Alva Edison and Alexander Graham Bell.

1914: Gandhi reaches agreement with South African Union govt. on treatment of Indian nationals at South Africa.

1919: The League of Nations formed after the end of World War I.

1948: French India Peoples’ Convention, Pondicherry, passed a resolution for complete merger of the French India with the Dominion of India. – G. V. Mavlankar was elected the first Speaker of the Indian Parliament.

1950: The post of the Governor General of India was abolished.

1957: Kashmir becomes Indian state.

1971: Himachal Pradesh got full statehood and becomes the 18th state of India.

1971: Himachal Pradesh High Court was established at Shimla for Himachal Pradesh Territory.

1976: Surinder Amarnath scores 124 on Test debut during India vs New Zealand at Auckland.

1980: Awards regarding Public Honour were re-started by Goverment of India

1980: Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award of India, awarded to Mother Teresa.

1982: Bharat Ratna awarded to Acharya Vinoba Bhave.

1983: Bharat Ratna, India’s highest award, was given to Acharya Vinobha Bhave (Posthumous) (1895-1982).

1988: Bharat Ratna, India’s highest award, was given to Dr. Marudu Gopalan Ramachandran, MGR (Posthumous) (1917-1987).

1991: Bharat Ratna, highest civilian award of India, awarded to Morarji Desai.

1992: Bharat Ratna, India’s highest award, was given to Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (1904-1993).

1992: Swaran Singh and Vajpayee awarded ‘Padma Vibhushan’.

1999: Dr. R. Chidambaram, nuclear scientist, among the 14 distinguished personalities chosen for Padma Vibhushan. Sachin Tendulkar and Ruskin Bond get Padma Shri.

2000: The Centre begins the process of privatising the country’s domestic carrier, Indian Airlines, and also approves the sale of majority equity in Modern Foods India Limited.

2000: The Government awards Padma Vibhushan to R.K. Narayan, Dr.M.S. Gill; Padma Bhushan for Rajnikant and Padmashri for A.R. Rehman.

2001: Bharat Ratna awarded to Lata Mangeshkar and Bismillah Khan.

2011: The first wave of the Egyptian revolution begins throughout the country, marked by street demonstrations, rallies, acts of civil disobedience, riots, labour strikes, and violent clashes.

2013: At least 50 people are killed and 120 people are injured in a prison riot in Barquisimeto, Venezuela.

2015: A clash in Mamasapano, Maguindanao in the Philippines killing 44 members of Special Action Force (SAF), at least 18 from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and five from the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters.

2019: A mining company’s dam collapses in Brumadinho, Brazil, a south-eastern city, killing at least 7 people and leaving 200 missing.[

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Indian poet
Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Indian poet

1627: Robert Boyle, an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor.

1736: Joseph-Louis Lagrange, an Italian mathematician, and astronomer.

1759: Robert Burns, a Scottish poet, and lyricist. 

1824: Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a Bengali poet, writer, and dramatist.

1863: Ramabai Ranade, an Indian social worker and one of the first women’s’ rights activists in the 19th century. 

1874: William Somerset Maugham, an English playwright, novelist, and short-story writer.

1882: Virginia Woolf, an English writer, considered one of the most important modernist 20th-century authors

1917: Captain P.K. Sahgal, freedom fighter who attended Indian Military Academy course at Dehradun, was born at Hoshiarpur.

1930: Mehdi Baqer, great educationist, was born at Faizabad in UP.

1932: Rammanohar Vishnunarayan Tripathi, great social worker and political leader of Maharashtra, was born.

1958: Kavita Krishnamurthy, an Indian playback singer, trained in classical music.

1985: Lendl Simmons, a Trinidadian cricketer who plays internationally for the West Indies.

1988: Cheteshwar Pujara, an Indian international cricketer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1828: Lady Caroline Lamb, an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, and novelist.

1906: Joseph Wheeler, an American military commander, and politician.

1954: M. N. Roy, was an Indian revolutionary, radical activist, and political theorist, as well as a noted philosopher in the 20th century. Roy was a founder of the Mexican Communist Party and the Communist Party of India.

1971: Hermann Hoth, a German army commander, and war criminal during World War II.

2017: John Hurt, English actor (b. 1940)

2017: Harry Mathews, American novelist and poet (b. 1930)

2017: Marcel Prud’homme, Canadian politician (b. 1934)

2017: Mary Tyler Moore, American actress, dancer, and producer (b. 1936)

2018: Neagu Djuvara, Romanian historian, essayist, philosopher, journalist, novelist and diplomat (b. 1916)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History