This Day in History on 13 December
The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.
On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 13 December. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.
1232: Iltutmish, the ruler of the Slave dynasty, captured Gwalior.
1636: The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
1772: Narayan Rao became the Peshwa at Satara.
1920: International Court of the League of Nations was established in The Hague, Netherlands.
1947: Nicholas Raerich, great philosopher, master-artist, prolific writer, scientist, educator, designer, poet, humanitarian, explorer, leader and social worker, died at Naggar, Kulu.
1955: India and the USSR affirm the Panchsheel.
1977: Air Indiana Flight 216 crashes near Evansville Regional Airport, killing 29, including the University of Evansville basketball team, support staff, and boosters of the team.
1984: The death toll in a toxic gas leak from an insecticide plant in Bhopal, India, now is estimated at 2,100, and tens of thousands of residents fled the city today after it was announced that the Union Carbide plant would be started up again to neutralize the effect.
1989: Five terrorists were released from jail in exchange for the release of the daughter of Home Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed from the clutches of terrorists.
1991: Justice M. H Kania of Maharashtra sworn in as the 23rd Chief Justice of India.
1991: Madhukar Hiralal Kaniya became the 23rd Chief Justice of India.
1996: Kofi Annan elected Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1999: Dr. V. Kurien gets the Paulos Mar Gregorius Award 1999.
1999: The Government lodges protest with the Pakistani Rangers following the discovery of a tunnel near the Indo-Pak border.
1999: The Railways announces concessions for senior citizens, students upto Class X and the poor.
2000: All 12 battalions of the Manipur Rifles Personnel strike from work.
2000: Vijay Samuel Hazare, former Indian cricket captain, becomes the first recipient of the ‘Castrol Lifetime Achievement award’.
2000: Vikram Sood is appointed new RAW Chief.
2000: The Lok Sabha begins the Ayodhya-Babri Masjid debate.
2000: Former captain of the Indian cricket team, Vijay Samuel Hazare became the first person to receive the Castrol Lifetime Achievement Award.
2001: Sansad Bhavan, the building housing the Indian Parliament, is attacked by terrorists. Twelve people are killed, including the terrorists.
2003: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was arrested near his hometown Tirkit.
1780: Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner, a German chemist.
1804: Major Thomas Candy, a lexicographer, and educator.
1816: Ernst Werner Siemens, a German electrical engineer, inventor, and industrialist.
1899: Pandurang Satu Naik, famous film photographer of Indian film industry, was born.
1902: Ilachandra Joshi, famous Hindi novelist, story writer, critic and journalist, was born.
1934: Ramakanta Rath, modernist poets in the Odia literature.
1940: Sanjaya Lall, Indian economist and academic (d. 2005)
1954: Harsh Vardhan, Indian otolaryngologist and politician, Indian Minister of Science and Technology
1955: Manohar Parrikar, an Indian politician, and former chief minister of Goa.
1960: Venkatesh Daggubati, an Indian film actor.
1989: Taylor Swift, an American singer-songwriter.
Death/ Death Anniversary
1048: Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, an Iranian scholar and polymath during the Islamic Golden Age.
1784: Samuel Johnson, an English writer.
1922: Hans Hoffstein, Iceland’s first prime minister.
1930: Fritz Pregl, an Austrian scientist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his analysis of the organic matter.
1944: Wassily Kandinsky, a Russian painter, and art theorist.
1978: Sayyed Avid Husain, litterateur and Padmabhushan awardee, passed away.
1986: Smita Patil, an Indian actress of film, television, and theatre.
1994: Vishwanath Annappa Tatyasaheb Kore, Padmashri awardee, passed away.
1995: Anatoly Dyatlov, deputy chief engineer of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.
2006: Lamar Hunt, founder of the American Football League, and World Championship Tennis.