National symbols of India
National symbols of India
Title Symbol Image Notes
National flag Flag of India A horizontal rectangular tricolor with equally sized deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and India green at the bottom. In the center is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed by Pingali Venkayya.
National emblem National Emblem of India
National calendar Saka calendar  – Saka calendar was introduced by the Calendar Committee in 1957. Usage officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.
National anthem Jana Gana Mana  – Jana Gana Mana by Rabindranath Tagore was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.
National song Vande Mataram The first two verses of Vande Mataram by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was adopted as the National Song of India in 1950. “Vande Mataram” was sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress by Rabindranath Tagore.
Oath of allegiance National Pledge It was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. Central Advisory Board of Education directed that the pledge be sung in Schools and that this practice to be introduced by 26 January 1965.
National flower Indian lotus Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.
National fruit Mango Mango (Mangifera indica) originated in India and the country is home to more than 100 varieties of the fruit.
National river Ganga Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.
National tree Indian banyan Indian Banyan (Ficus bengalensis) root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.
National animal Royal Bengal tiger Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris Tigris), the largest carnivore is found only in the Indian subcontinent and can be found in most regions of the country.
National aquatic animal River dolphin Gangetic dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.
National bird Indian peacock Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is designated as the national bird of India. A bird indigenous to the subcontinent, peacock represents the unity of vivid colours and finds references in Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, The Government of India have decided to have the Peacock as the national bird of India. The decision has been taken after considering the views of the State Governments and the opinions expressed in the Press.
National currency Indian Rupee Indian Rupee (ISO code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted in 2010.
National Microbe Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus Lactobacillus delbrueckii (subsp. bulgaricus) has been announced as the National Microbe for India by Jayanthi Natarajan, India’s Minister of State for Environment and Forests on October 18, 2012 during the International Conference on ‘Biodiversity Conservation and Education for Sustainable Development – Learning to Conserve Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing World’ held at Hyderabad during CoP-11. The microbe was selected by children who had visited the Science Express Biodiversity Special, a train which has been visiting various stations across the country.
National Game Hockey The Republic of India doesn’t signify any game as its National Game but Hockey is considered as the unofficial National Game of the country
National Vegetables Brinjal
National Reptile Of India King Kobra With its length up to 18.5 to 18.8 ft (5.6 to 5.7 m), King Cobra is the national reptile of India. This venomous snake is found in forests in India through Southeast Asia. It preys on other snakes, lizards and rodents. It has its cultural significance as Hindus worship this reptile.
National Heritage Animal Of India  Elephant   The national heritage animals of India is Elephant. The Indian elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and found in the mainland Asia. It is listed as one of the endangered animals by IUCN. It can be spotted at four different regions in the country.

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