It aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India’s population i.e 75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas.

It converts the various existing food security schemes into legal entitlements (i.e.) from welfare based approach to rights based approach.

It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, ICDS scheme and the PDS. It also recognizes maternity entitlements.

Under NFSA, each beneficiaries is entitled to 5 kilograms of food grains per month at Rs.3, Rs.2, Rs.1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively.

However, the beneficiaries under Antyodaya Anna Yojana will keep receiving the 35 Kg per household per month at same rates.

It guarantees age appropriate meal, free of charge through local anganwadi for children up to 6 months and one free meal for children in age group 6-14 years in schools.

Every pregnant and lactating mother is entitled to a free meal at the local anganwadi as well as maternity benefits of Rs 6,000, in instalments. Maternal benefits not extend to Government employees.

The identification of eligible households is left to state governments.