The scheme aims to make Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) more focused and targeted towards the poorest section of population.

Beneficiary families under the scheme are distributed 35 kg of rice and wheat at the rates of Rs. 3 per kg and Rs. 2 per kg respectively. Coarse grains, on the other hand, are distributed at the rate of Rs. 1 per kg.

Other families that are not part of AAY but are covered under NFSA receive grains at the rate of Rs. 5 per kg.

Under the scheme, subsidies are fully borne by the central government and States/UT bear the distribution cost.

The scheme has been expanded to cover 2.50 cr households and scale of issue has been increased to 35 kg per family per month