The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from September 7, 1931, to December 1, 1931. By this time, Lord Irwin had been replaced by Lord Willingdon as viceroy in India.
The Indian National Congress nominated Gandhi as its sole representative.
There were a large number of Indian participants, besides the Congress. The Princely States, Muslim League, Justice Party, Hindu Mahasabha etc. attended it.
The session got deadlocked on the question of the minorities. Separate electorates were being demanded by the Muslims, depressed classes, Christians and Anglo-Indians.
The government refused to concede the basic Indian demand of freedom. Gandhi returned to India and gave a call to resume the Civil Disobedience Movement.
The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. Two weeks before the conference convened, the Labour government had been replaced by the Conservatives.
The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931. Mahatma Gandhi represented the Indian National Congress and Sarojini Naidu represented Indian women in the second round table conferences.
The second round table conference was deemed a failure because of the many disagreements among the participants. While the INC claimed to speak for the whole of the country, other participants and leaders of other parties contested this claim.
Jawaharlal Nehru did not participate.
Ambedkar clashed at the second round table conference by demanding separate electorates for Dalits. When the British government conceded to Dr Ambedkar’s demand, Gandhiji began a fast unto death.