The first Round Table Conference was held in London between November 1930 and January 1931 and was chaired by Ramsay MacDonald.
This was the first conference arranged between the British and the Indians as equals.
The Congress and some prominent business leaders refused to attend it.
The Princely States, Muslim League, Justice Party, Hindu Mahasabha etc. attended it.
Nothing much was achieved at the conference. The British government realized that the participation of the Indian National Congress was necessary in any discussion on the future of constitutional government in India.
B. R. Ambedkar, Jinnah, Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, V. S. Srinivasa Sastri, Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, K. T. Paul and Mirabehn were key participants from India.
First Round Table Conference – Issues Discussed. The federal government structure. The province’s constitution was discussed. Sindh and Northwest Frontier Provinces Minorities Defence Services.
The First Round Table Conference was regarded as a failure. The British government understood the importance and the need for the Congress Party to make any decision on India’s political future.
12 November 1930
The Congress decided to boycott the First Round Table Conference because it wanted the summoning of a Constituent Assembly to draft a Constitution for India which the British Government refused.