SVAMITVA Scheme – An Integrated Property Validation Solution for Rural India

Hon’ble PM Narendra Modi launched the SVAMITVA Scheme (Survey of Villages Abadi and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) on National Panchayat Day 24th April 2020 with the aim of survey of inhabited areas of villages using technology to provide an integrated solution for property validation in rural India.

The scheme’s intent is to provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners so that they can use their houses as financial assets to take loans and other financial benefits from Banks.

Objective of SVAMITVA Scheme

  • To maintain accurate land records for rural development planning.
  • To reduce property disputes, legal cases, and false land acquisition of rural India.
  • To bring financial stability to the people of rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits.
  • Creation of survey infrastructure and GIS maps that can be leveraged by any department for their use.
  • To prepare better-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) by using GIS maps.
  • The program is currently being implemented in six states – Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The aim of the government is to cover all 6.62 lakh villages in the country by the end of financial year 2023-24.

Details of SVAMITVA Scheme

The scheme is funded by the Central Government of India and Rs 79.65 crores have been allotted for the pilot phase of the project in about 1 lakh villages across 8 states.

Under this scheme SVAMITVA Property cards will be issued to the landowners by the Government authorities, these property cards have all the records of the land owned by the landowners.

The residential area of the village is demarcated and each rural property is marked with limestone (chunna).

Then, drones are used for large scale mapping of rural abadi areas. Based on these images, a GIS database is created, and village maps — Gram Manchitra — are drawn.

Drone Surveying technology and Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) will be used for demarcation of rural residential areas.

The mapping of areas using drones will done gradually in different phases for a period of 4 years, starting from 2020, and ending in 2024.

Benefits of SVAMITVA Scheme

  • A clarity on property rights/ownership will be attained through this project.
  • No illegal attempt of land acquisition of someone else’s property in the village will be practiced once documents are gathered and strict rules are implemented.
  • Through regular inspections, and survey via drones will give the Government and the authorities a clearer idea of the land/property distribution.
  • The SVAMITVA Property card can also be used as a temporary identity for the land-owners and land records.
  • Official documents for the property will be provided to the land owners so that they can use it for further financial purposes.

Scheme Implementation Process

  • Drone Survey.
  • Chunna Marking.
  • Mapping
  • Data processing.
  • Final Map generation.
  • Property card preparation.
  • Property card distribution.

The Government is constantly working for the development of the rural Indian population and the SVAMITVA Scheme is also an initiative for the same which will definitely bring some change in Rural India.


What is a Svamitva scheme?

Scheme is a reformative step towards establishment of clear ownership of property in rural inhabited (Abadi) areas, by mapping of land parcels using drone technology and providing ‘Record of Rights’ to village household owners with issuance of legal ownership cards

Is Svamitva a centrally sponsored scheme?

SVAMITVA is a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj that was nation-wide launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on National Panchayati Raj Day, 24th April 2021 after the successful completion of the pilot phase of the scheme (2020-2021) in 9 states.

What is the main aim of the scheme Svamitva for rural India?

The main aim of Svamitva scheme is to bring financial stability to the citizens in rural India by enabling them to use their property as a financial asset for taking loans and other financial benefits. Creation of accurate land records for rural planning.


Survey of Villages And Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas (SVAMITVA ) is a Central Sector Scheme. It was launched on National Panchayati Raj Day in 2020.