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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Optional Subject consists of 2 papers. Each paper is of 300 marks, making a total of 600 marks.

The Santali Literature paper is part of optional subjects. It has two papers with two sections each – Section A & Section B. The candidate has to answer them all in Santali.

Santali Literature Syllabus, UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam

PAPER I

(Answers must be written in Santali)

Section A

Part I History of Santali Language.

I. Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.

II. Grammatical structure of Santali Language.

III. Important character of Santali Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.

IV. Impact of other languages on Santali.

V. Standardization of Santali Language.

Part II History of Santali Literature.

I. Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santali Literature

(a) Ancient literature before 1854.

(b) Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.

(c) Medieval period: Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.

(d) Modern period: Literature from 1947 AD to till date.

II. Writing tradition in History of Santali literature.

Section B

Literary forms Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.

Part I Folk Literature in Santali

folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles, and Kudum.

Part II Modern literature in Santali

(a) Development of poetry and prominent poets.

(b) Development of prose and prominent writers.

(i) Novels and prominent Novelists.

(ii) Stories and prominent story writers.

(iii) Drama and prominent Dramatist.

(iv) Criticism and prominent critics.

(v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.

Santali writers.

Shyam Sundar Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren , Toresutam, Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra Santali, Babulal Murmu Adivasi, Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.

Part III Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).

PAPER II

(Answers must be written in Santali)

Section A

This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates� critical ability.

Ancient Literature :
Prose

(a) Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi Majhi Ramdas Tudu Rasika.

(b) Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha L. O. Scrafsrud.

(c) Jomsim Binti Lita Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.

(d) Marang Buru Binti Kanailal Tudu.

Poetry

(a) Karam Sereng Nunku Soren.

(b) Devi Dasain Sereng Manindra Hansda.

(c) Horh Sereng W.G. Archer.

(d) Baha Sereng Balaram Tudu.

(e) Dong Sereng Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu Thakur

(f) Hor Sereng Raghunath Murmu.

(g) Soros Sereng Babulal Murmu Adivasi.

(h) More Sin More Nida Rup chand Hansda.

(i) Judasi Madwa Latar Tez Narayan Murmu.

Section B

Modern Literature

PART I Poetry

(a) Onorhen Baha Dhalwak Paul Jujhar Soren.

(b) Asar Binti Narayan Soren Tore Sutam

(c) Chand Mala Gora Chand Tudu.

(d) Onto Baha Mala Aditya Mitra Santali .

(e) Tiryo Tetang Hari Har Hansda.

(f) Sisirjon Rar Thakur Prasad Murmu.

PART II Novels

(a) Harmawak Ato R.Karstiars (Translator R.R. Kisku Rapaz)

(b) Manu Mati Chandra Mohan Hansda.

(c) Ato Orak Doman Hansdak.

(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiph re Nathenial Murmu.

PART III Stories

(a) Jiyon Gada Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.

(b) Mayajaal – Doman Sahu Samir and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu Thakur

PART IV Drama

(a) Kherwar Bir Pandit Raghunath Murmu

(b) Juri Khatir Dr. K.C. Tudu.

(c) Birsa Bir Ravi Lal Tudu

PART V Biography