The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.

The Ramsar sites are maintained in the Montreux Record to track any major ecological changes that might affect any of the wetland sites positively or in a reverse way.

The Ramsar convention entered into force in India on 1 February 1982.

India currently has 54 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites). This is the highest in South Asia.

India’s Ramsar wetlands are spread over 11,000 sq km — around 10% of the total wetland area in the country — across 18 States.

Latest Updates about Indian Ramsar Sites

  1. In July 2022, five new sites from India were added to the List of Ramsar Sites. The new sites are:
  1. Karikili Bird Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
    1. Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest – Tamil Nadu
    2. Pichavaram Mangrove – Tamil Nadu
    3. Sakhya Sagar – Madhya Pradesh
    4. Pala Wetlands – Mizoram
  2. Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat and Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh were announced as Ramsar sites (Wetlands of International Importance) on the occasion of World Wetland day 2022 (2nd February 2022) held at Sultanpur National Park, a Ramsar site in Haryana.
  3. Haiderpur Wetland in Uttar Pradesh has been added as the 47th Ramsar Site in December 2021. It is a human-made wetland formed in 1984 and is located within the boundaries of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary.
  4. 2nd February 2021 marked the 50th anniversary of the Ramsar Convention, the day which is also celebrated as World Wetlands Day. India on this occasion established the Centre for Wetland Conservation & Management which is the first in the country. It is set up under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), at the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management (NCSCM) in Chennai.

List of RAMSAR Sites in India (Updated July 2022)

#Name of SiteStateDate of DeclarationArea 
(in Sq. km.)
1Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh19.8.2002901
2Deepor BeelAssam19.8.200240
3Kabartal WetlandBihar21.07.202026.20
4Khijadia Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat13.04.20215.12
5Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat24.09.2012120
6Thol Lake Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat05.04.20216.99
7Wadhvana WetlandGujarat05.04.20216.30
8Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana25.05.20214.12
9Sultanpur National ParkHaryana25.05.20211.425
10Chandertal WetlandHimachal Pradesh8.11.20050.49
11Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh19.8.2002156.62
12Renuka WetlandHimachal Pradesh8.11.20050.2
13Wular LakeJammu & Kashmir23.3.1990189
14Hokera WetlandJammu and Kashmir8.11.200513.75
15Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu and Kashmir8.11.20053.5
16Tsomoriri LakeJammu and Kashmir19.8.2002120
17Asthamudi WetlandKerala19.8.2002614
18Sasthamkotta LakeKerala19.8.20023.73
19Vembanad Kol WetlandKerala19.8.20021512.5
20Tso Kar Wetland ComplexLadakh17.11.202095.77
21Bhoj WetlandsMadhya Pradesh19.8.200232.01
22Sakhya SagarMadhya Pradesh01.07.20222.48
23Lonar LakeMaharashtra22.7.20204.27
24Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra21.6.201914.37
25Loktak LakeManipur23.3.1990266
26Pala WetlandMizoram31.08.202118.5
27Bhitarkanika MangrovesOrissa19.8.2002650
28Chilka LakeOrissa1.10.19811165
29Beas Conservation ReservePunjab26.9.201964.289
30Harike LakePunjab23.3.199041
31Kanjli LakePunjab22.1.20021.83
32Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab26.9.20193.439
33Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab26.9.20191.16
34Ropar LakePunjab22.1.200213.65
35Keoladeo Ghana NPRajasthan1.10.198128.73
36Sambhar LakeRajasthan23.3.1990240
37Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu19.8.2002385
38Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu04.08.202212.475
39Karikili Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu04.08.20220.584
40Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu04.08.202214.786
41Rudrasagar LakeTripura8.11.20052.4
42Bakhira Wildlife SanctuaryUttar Pradesh29.06.202128.94
43Haiderpur WetlandUttar Pradesh8.12.202169.08
44Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh19.9.20192.246
45Parvati Agra Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2.12.20197.22
46Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2.12.201952.63
47Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh3.10.201979.94
48Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh26.9.201930.85
49Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh19.9.201916.13
50Sur SarovarUttar Pradesh21.8.20204.31
51Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Uttar Pradesh8.11.2005265.9
52Asan Conservation ReserveUttarakhand21.7.20204.444
53East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal19.8.2002125
54Sunderbans WetlandWest Bengal30.1.20194230
List of RAMSAR Sites in India

Map of RAMSAR Wetland Sites in India (As of July, 2022) 


How many are Ramsar sites in India?

India is home to as many as 54 Ramsar sites.

Which is the largest Ramsar site in India?

Sundarban Wetland is located within the largest mangrove forest in the world. It is the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Which is the smallest Ramsar Site in India?

The Renuka wetland in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest Ramsar Wetland site in India.

How many Ramsar Sites added in 2022?

In 2022 five new sites were added that includes Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest & Pichavaram Mangrove from Tamil Nadu, Pala wetland from Mizoram, Sakhya Sagar from Madhya Pradesh.

Which is the first Ramsar Site in India?

Chilika Lake (Orissa) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India

Which Indian state has the most number of Ramsar Sites?

Uttar Pradesh has the most number of Ramsar Sites in India. It has 10 Indian Wetlands.