This Day in History on 9 December

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 9 December. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

International Anti-Corruption Day अंतर्राष्ट्रीय भ्रष्टाचार निरोधक दिवस

The day focuses on the ill effects of corruption, which is one of the most notorious socio-political phenomena that affects all countries. The Day is observed to create awareness about it.

International Anti-corruption Day history starts from 31 October 2003, when the General Assembly adopted the UN convention against corruption.

Important Events

1658: Dutch troops occupy harbour city Quilon (Coilan), India.

1762: The Parliament of Britain accepted the Paris Treaty.

1873: Lord Northbrook, Viceroy and Governor General of India laid the foundation stone of the building.

1946:The first meeting of Constitutional Committee Assembly was held in Parliment after a gap of two years, 11 months and 17 days. The Congress started its work of framing the Indian Constitution. Muslim League boycott failed to prevent Constituent Assembly opening. From 16th August 1946, the country witnessed communal riots on an unprecedented scale. At this crucial juncture, on 20th February 1947, Clement Atlee the British prime minister, fixed June 1948 as a deadline for transfer of power and Lord Mountbatten was appointed as the new Viceroy.

1947: India’s agreement with Pakistan on outstanding issues like assets, liabilities, division of sterling balance and military stores, etc. signed.

1892: English football club Newcastle United was formed.

1900: Swami Vivekananda returned to Mumbai, India after attending the Interfaith Conference in the United States.

1900: Davis Cup tennis tournament began.

1931: Japanese army invaded China’s Jehol province.

1940: World War II: Operation Compass: British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O’Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt.

1941: China declared war against Japan, Germany, and Italy.

1946: First meeting of Constituent Assembly held in New Delhi.

1961: The Portuguese-occupied provinces of Diu and Daman annexed to India.

1966: Barbados joined the United Nations.

1971: The United Arab Emirates joined the United Nations.

1971: Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Air Force executes an airdrop of Indian Army units, bypassing Pakistani defences.

1989: Shyama Charan Shukla sworn in as Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh.

1993: Virbhadra Singh sworn in as Congress CM of Himachal Pradesh.

1999: BJP expels former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh.

1999: Several MPs in the Lok Sabha demand resignation of the CBI chief in the Priyadarshini Matto murder case.

2000: South Korea’s status increased from a developing country to a developed country.

2007: Former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto announced the termination of all ties with the Pakistani government.

2008: ISRO built the satellite for Europe’s renowned satellite system specialist EADS Astrium.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1484: Surdas (1483-1563), blind Hindi bard and singer of Agra whose hymns to Krishna are compiled in the ‘Sursagar’, was born in Sihi village near Delhi.

Ida S. Scudder

1508: Gemma Frisius, a Dutch physician, mathematician, cartographer, philosopher, and instrument maker.

1608: John Milton, an English poet, and intellectual.

1825: Rao Tularam Singh, an Ahir King of Rewari.

1868: Fritz Haber, a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

V. Dakshinamoorthy

1870: Ida S. Scudder, Indian physician and missionary (d. 1960)

1913: Homai Vyarawalla, India’s first woman photojournalist.

1919: E. K. Nayanar, an Indian politician, and former chief minister of Kerala.

1919: V. Dakshinamoorthy, Indian singer-songwriter (d. 2013)

Sonia Gandhi

1937: Shahabuddin Rathod, a Gujarati scholar, teacher, and humorist.

1945: Shatrughan Sinha, an Indian actor, and politician.

1946: Sonia Gandhi, an Indian politician, and the president of the Indian National Congress.

1974: Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, a Pakistani musician, and singer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1761: Maharani Tarabai of Pune, the regent of Maratha empire of India from 1700 until 1708, died at Satara. She was the queen of Chhatrapati Rajaram Bhosale and daughter-in-law of the empire’s founder Shivaji and mother of Shivaji II. She is acclaimed for her role in keeping alive the resistance against Mughal occupation of Maratha territories after the death of her spouse, and acted as regent during the minority of her son.

1921: Norman Joseph Woodland, an American inventor, one of the inventors of the barcode.

1935: Lafayette Mendel, an American biochemist.

1937: Nils Gustaf Dalén, a Swedish Nobel Laureate and industrialist, engineer, and inventor.

1942: Dwarkanath Kotnis, one of the five Indian physicians dispatched to China.

1977: Ravishankar Mahashankar Rawal, famous painter, passed away

1992: More than 700 die in clashes in Ayodhya; BJP bandh partial.

1994: Gorprasad Ghosh, famous Orriya film actor, director and producer, passed away.

1997: K. Shivarama Karanth, an Indian polymath.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History