This Day in History on 5 December

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 5 December. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

World Soil Day

World Soil Day: World Soil Day is commemorated every year on December 5, with the aim to shine the spotlight on the essentiality of healthy soils to sustain life on the planet. The Day also aims to mobilize public and political will to address challenges to the sustainable management of soil resources. 

Important Events

1657: Murad, the younger son of Shah Jahan, proclaimed himself king.

1906: Establishment of National Insurance Company.

1931: Gandhiji leaves England for India.

1932: Albert Einstein, born in Germany and a citizen of Switzerland, granted a US visa.

1943: Japanese airplanes bombarded Kolkata.

1945: Flight 19, a US Navy 5TBM Avenger from Florida, disappeared into the Squadron Bermuda Triangle.

1950: Sikkim became a protected state of India.

1957: Indonesian President Sukarno deported all Dutch citizens.

1960: African country Ghana ended diplomatic relations with Belgium.

1971: India recognized Bangladesh as a country.

1989: Former Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for the first time.

1990: Controversial writer Salman Rushdie appeared for the first time after a gap of two years.

1991: With the induction of 60 ministers, the Bihar Cabinet becomes the largest ever cabinet in India with a total of 71 ministers.

1991: 56 JD MLA’s belonging to V.P. Singh faction elect a new leader in UP.

1992: Sarkaria report accepted.

1992: The government reduces visa fees for tourists intending to visit India.

1993: Monisha, actress and winner of the 1987 ‘Urvasi’ award for the Malayalam film ‘Nakhakshathangal’ died at a young age of 21 years.

1993: V. P. Singh and hundreds arrested in Barabanki on the way to Ayodhya.

1994: Congress and MJD regains Mizoram.

1998: Congress forms its seventh ministry in Madhya Pradesh. Digvijay Singh elected CM.

1999: V.P.Singh, former PM, resigns from the Parliament.

1999: Jaswant Singh and Pramod Mahajan take over as the new Foreign Minister and Minister for Information and Broadcasting. Jagmohan takes over as Minister for Communications.

1999: Indian beauty Yukta Mukhi won Miss World title.

2000: India’s Yukta Mookhey is crowned Miss World

2016: Gaurav Gill won the 2016 Asia Pacific Rally Championship book.

Nadira, Indian actress

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1782: Martin Van Buren, the eighth president of the United States.

1872: Vir Singh, an Indian poet, scholar, and theologian.

1896: Carl Ferdinand Cori, a Czech-American biochemist, and pharmacologist.

Manish Malhotra, Indian fashion designer
Josh Malihabadi, Indian-Pakistani poet and translator

1898: Josh Malihabadi, an Indian-Urdu poet.

1901: Walter Disney, an American entrepreneur, animator, writer, voice actor, and film producer.

1901: Werner Karl Heisenberg, a German theoretical physicist.

1905: Sheikh Abdulla, an Indian politician, and former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.

Shikhar Dhawan, Indian cricketer

1927: Bhumibol Adulyadej aka Ram IX, the king of Thailand1932 – Nadira, Indian actress (d. 2006)

1931: Jayant G. Nadkarni, former Admiral of Indian Navy, was born.

1933: Balendu Shantilal Jain, famous hindi writer, was born at Kunchord, M.P.

1935: Bipinchandra Joshi, chief of Indian Army general, was born.

1940: Ustad Ghulam Ali, a Pakistani ghazal singer.

1959: Sajjan Jindal, an Indian entrepreneur. He is the chairman and managing director of JSW groups.

Ravish Kumar, Indian journalist and author

1965 – Manish Malhotra, Indian fashion designer

1966: Manish Malhotra, a former Indian fashion designer turned costume designer and stylist.

1974: Ravish Kumar, an Indian journalist, author, and media personality.

1985: Shikhar Dhawan, an Indian international cricketer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Abanindranath Tagore

1870: Alexandre Dumas, a French writer.

1926: Claude Monet, a French painter.

1941: Amrita Sher-Gil, a Hungarian-Indian painter.

1946: Dada Maharaj Satarkar passed away.

1950: Sri Aurobindo, an Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist.

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy

1951: Abanindranath Tagore, an Indian artist.

1954: Kalki Krishnamurthy, an Indian writer, journalist, poet, critic, and Indian independence activist.

1959: Kumar Shri Duleep Singhji, England cricketer. The Duleep Trophy is played in India in his memory.

1959: Abanindranath Tagore, a great Modern Indian Painter and sculptor, passed away in Calcutta.

1963: Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, a Bengali politician and a lawyer who was the fifth Prime Minister of Pakistan.

Jayalalithaa, Indian politician

1973: Robert Watson-Watt, a British developer, and inventor of the radar system.

1991: K. S. Duleepsinhji, cricketer (12 Tests for England, 995 runs), passed away.

2013: Nelson Mandela, a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa.

2016: J. Jayalalithaa, an Indian politician, and film actress. She served six times as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History