This Day in History on 5 August

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 5 August. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1604: John Eliot, “Apostle to Indians,” Bible translator, baptized.

1763: Pontiac’s War: Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s Indians at Bushy Run.

1852: Tallied Indians destroyed the Fort Selkark, Yukon Territory.

1874: Japan introduced the postal savings system on the lines of England.

1882: Martial law was implemented in Japan.

1884: The foundation stone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on the island of Bedelay in New York Harbor.

1891: American Express issued the world’s first traveller’s check.

1914: First traffic light was installed in America.

1939: In the first case to be brought under Prohibition laws, a railroad passenger was today convicted of possessing a bottle of brandy in Bombay.

1945: US aeroplanes dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.

1965: Jaya Prakash Narayan was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for public service.

1975: The RSS, Anand Marg, Jamat-i-Islami, and 23 other organisations were banned. Parliament approved Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act (COFEPOSA). Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) approved by the Parliament.

1978: Five died and 70 were injured as upper-caste Hindus clashed with untouchables in Maharashtra.

1981: Jagjivan Ram heads the breakaway Congress(U) and calls a new party Congress (J).

1991: Justice Leela Seth became the first Indian woman to become the Chief Justice of the High Court.

1992: The Supreme Court appoints a 3-member panel to visit Ayodhya and report on the new structures there.

1994: Yakub Abdul Razak Memon, a key accused in 1993’s Bombay blast case, was arrested.

1999: Nisha Millet became the first Indian swimmer to receive the International Olympic Committee’s Solidarity Scholarship, given to sportspersons with an outstanding track records and possessing Olympic potential.

1999: The Global Peace March demands the demilitarisation of the entire planet.

2010: The Copiapó mining accident occurs, trapping 33 Chilean miners approximately 2,300 ft (700 m) below the ground for 69 days.

2010: Ten members of the International Assistance Mission Nuristan Eye Camp team are killed by persons unknown in Kuran wa Munjan District of Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan.

2011: Juno, the first solar-powered spacecraft to go to Jupiter from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, was launched.

2012: The Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting took place in Oak Creek, Wisconsin, killing six victims; the perpetrator committed suicide after being wounded by police.

2015: The Environmental Protection Agency at Gold King Mine wastewater spill releases three million gallons of heavy metal toxin tailings and wastewater into the Animas River in Colorado

Mahendra Karma, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2013)
Mahendra Karma, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2013)

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1905: M. A. Muthiah Chettiar, an Indian banker, politician, philanthropist, socialite, and cultural activist.

1905: Subhadrakumari Chauvhan, famous Hindi poet, was born.

1907: Kashi Nath Pandey, politician and Trade Unionist, was born in Fursatpur Village.

Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer and coach
Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer and coach

1909: Dwijhans Kalika Prasad Dixit, the great poet and educationist, was born at Gram Dedani in Uttar Pradesh.

1915: Shivmangal Singh Suman, a noted Hindi poet and academician. 

1921: Malhi Govind, the modern Sindhi novelist, was born.

1930: Neil Armstrong, the first person to walk on the Moon.

1965: M. V. Sridhar, cricketer (scored 366 for Hyderabad vs Andhra Pradesh, 1994), was born.

Kajol, Indian film actress
Kajol, Indian film actress
Genelia D'Souza, Indian actress
Genelia D’Souza, Indian actress

1981: Sachin Bansal, an Indian entrepreneur. He is best known as the co-founder of Flipkart.

1950: Mahendra Karma, Indian lawyer and politician (d. 2013)

1969: Venkatesh Prasad, Indian cricketer and coach

1974: Kajol, Indian film actress

1987: Genelia D’Souza, Indian actress

Death/ Death Anniversary

1950: Gopinath Bordoloi, architect of modern Assam, freedom fighter and leader, the first Chief Minister of Assam. 

1962: Marilyn Monroe, an American actress, model, and singer.

Lala Amarnath, Indian cricketer who scored India's first Test century
Lala Amarnath, Indian cricketer who scored India’s first Test century

1986: Vellupillai Prabakaran, Tamil rebel leader, died. The vision of secession for Sri Lanka’s Tamil minority may have come to an end. But so, too, might the violence that the nation had endured. Today, Tamil rebel leader Vellupillai Prabakaran accepted the peace accord signed last week by India and Sri Lanka. Prabakaran surrendered to Indian forces and his men turned over their weapons. The pact is seen as a compromise by the co-signers. But to the dejected Tamil leader, who has fought since childhood for a Tamil victory, it was a stinging defeat. The treaty creates an autonomous multi-religious zone in the eastern and northern provinces. The rebels dreamed and passed away for a separate state of their own.

1991: Soichiro Honda, founder of Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

1992: Achyut Patwardhan, an Indian independence activist and political leader and founder of the Socialist Party of India. The leader of ‘Quit India Movement’ died in Varanasi at the age of 86.

Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (b. 1914)
Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (b. 1914)

2000: Lala Amarnath Bharadwaj, an Indian cricketer. He was the first batsman ever to score a century for India in Test cricket.

2014: Henry Chapman Pincher, an English journalist, historian, and novelist.

2014: Chapman Pincher, Indian-English historian, journalist, and author (b. 1914)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History