This Day in History on 31 July

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 31 July. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1498: Christopher Columbus became the first European to explore the islands of Trinidad during his third voyage in the Western Hemisphere.

1657: Mughals conquered the Kalyani fort of Bijapur.

1658: Mughal emperor Aurangzeb proclaimed himself king of the Mughal empire.

1940: Udham Singh, an Indian revolutionary freedom fighter, was executed by the British in London.

1956: Jim Laker became the first bowler to take all 10 wickets in a Test inning.

1964: The first clear photographs of the moon were taken by the Ranger 7 spacecraft.

1992: Georgia joined the United Nations.

1992: Ramon Magsaysay Award presented to Satar player Pt. Ravi Shankar.

2000: The Lok Sabha had passed the Chhattisgarh ‘State formation, Bill’.

2006: Fidel Castro handed over power to his brother, Raul.

2007: Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and the longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.

2009: Pakistan’s Supreme Court had declared the emergency imposed in 2007 by the former Pak President Pervez Musharraf as unconstitutional under Article 279 of the Constitution.

2012: Michael Phelps (19 medals in swimming) broke the record set in 1964 by Larisa Latynina for the most medals (18 medals) won at the Olympics.

2014: Gas explosions in the southern Taiwanese city of Kaohsiung kill at least 20 people and injure more than 270.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Hemu Adhikari

1704: Gabriel Cramer, a Genevan mathematician.

1880: Munshi Premchand, an Indian writer.

1907: Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi, an Indian mathematician, statistician, philologist, historian, and polymath.

1919: Hemu Adhikari, Indian cricketer (d. 2003)

1941: Amarsinh Chaudhary an Indian politician. He became the first Adivasi to serve as the Chief Minister of Gujarat.

Amarsinh Chaudhary

1947: Mumtaz, an Indian Hindi film actress.

1965: J. K. Rowling, a British writer, and philanthropist.

1992: Kiara Advani, an Indian actress.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Dheeran Chinnamalai
Udham Singh

1805: Dheeran Chinnamalai, Indian soldier (b. 1756)

1865: Jagannath Shankarsheth Murkute, an Indian philanthropist and educationalist.

1875: Andrew Johnson, the 17th president of the United States.

Nabarun Bhattacharya
Mohammed Rafi

1940: Udham Singh, an Indian revolutionary belonging to the Ghadar Party.

1980: Mohammed Rafi, an Indian film playback singer.

2014: Nabarun Bhattacharya, an Indian writer in the Bengali language.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History