This Day in History on 30 December

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 30 December. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1703: An earthquake in Tokyo, the capital of Japan, killed 37,000 people.

1803: The East India Company of Britain took Delhi, Agra, and Bharuch under its control.

1816: The Treaty of St. Louis between the United States and the united Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi Indian tribes is proclaimed.

1879: Shri Ramana Maharshi (1879-1950), modern Hindu Advaita renaissance saint of Maharshi Research Institute, philosopher and yogi, was born in Tiruchuzhi near Madurai in Tamil Nadu.

1893: Russia and France signed a military agreement.

1906: Establishment of All India Muslim League at Dhaka. It was in this incident that the seeds of India’s partition laid.

1906: The All India Muslim League was founded in Dacca by a group of big landlords which included Aga Khan III, The Nawab of Dacca and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk-Salimullah. They supported the Partition of Bengal and called for seperate Muslim electrorates and other safeguard for Muslims.

1924: Edwin Hubble announced the existence of galaxies other than the Milky Way.

1929: The first inland Indian air mail left New Delhi this morning for Jodhpur, Hyderabad, and Karachi to connect at Karachi with the air service to London.

1941: Gandhiji, at his own request, is relieved of hi-leadership of Congress by Working Committee.

1943: Subhash Chandra Bose hoisted the Indian Independence Flag at Port Blair.

1946: Jawaharlal Nehru calls on Gandhiji, who says, “My reason wholly supports my heart”.

1947: India informs Pakistan and other dominion representatives that it has decided to refer the Kashmir issue to the Security Council under Article 35 of the United Nations Charter.

1949: India recognizes People’s Republic of China.

1953: The Untouchability (Offences) Bill published in the Gazette of India.

1964: 500 people seized by Chinese spies.

1974: Opening of the fifth Indian Film Festival. It was presided over by Satyajit Ray at New Delhi.

1993: Government gets majority when 10 members of Ajit faction of the JD merge with the Congress.

2006: Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was executed.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

39 AD: Titus, the Roman emperor.

Rudyard Kipling

1865: Joseph Rudyard Kipling, an English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist.

1879: Ramana Maharshi, an Indian Hindu sage and jivanmukta.

1887: Ghanshyam Vyas, an Indian independence movement activist, politician, writer, and educationist.

1887: Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, leader of India Freedom Movement, Law expert, Educationist, Litterateur and founder of “Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan”, was born at Bharuch.

Ramana Maharshi

1916: Esther Victoria Abraham (Pramila), a Jewish Indian model, actress, and first woman film producer in the Hindi film industry. She is also well known for winning the first Miss India pageant in 1947.

1923: Prakash Vir Shastri, Indian academic and politician (d. 1977)

1934: John Norris Bahcall, an American astrophysicist.

1950: Bjarne Stroustrup, a Danish computer scientist, creator and developer of the C programming language.

Prakash Vir Shastri

1983: Kevin Systrom, an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and co‑founder of Instagram.

1984: LeBron Raymone James Sr., an American professional basketball player.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1935: Lord Reading, former Viceroy and Governor General of India, died at the age of 76 at UK.

Vikram Sarabhai

1944: Romain Rolland, a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian, and Nobel Prize Literature.

1947: Alfred North Whitehead, an English mathematician, and philosopher.

1971: Vikram Sarabhai, an Indian physicist, and astronomer.

1990: Raghuvir Sahay, a Hindi poet, short-story writer, essayist, literary critic, translator, and journalist.

Mangesh Padgaonkar
Raghuvir Sahay

2006: Saddam Hussein, the fifth President of Iraq.

2015: Mangesh Padgaonkar, an Indian poet, playwright, and translator.

2018: Mrinal Sen, an Indian film director and a nominated Member of the Indian parliament.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History