This Day in History on 29 September

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 29 September. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

World Heart Day

Important Events

1708: British East India Company and New East India company merged.

1755: Robert Lord Clive founded the British empire in India.

1829: London Metropolitan Police was established.

1836: Chamber of Commerce and Industry was established in Madras.

1907: Labour MP James Keir Hardie accuses UK of running India ‘like the Czar runs Russia’.

1914: German cruiser Emden shells Madras.

1914: Japanese vessel ‘Kamagata Maru’ reached Baj Baj near Calcutta from Vancouver carrying Indian revolutionaries.

1916: John D. Rockefeller became the first billionaire in the World.

1917: The first school of the Indian Education Society, King George High School, was opened at Dadar, Mumbai.

1938: The Munich conference began, attended by Neville Chamberlain, Edouard Daladier, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini. 

1941: During World War II, Nazis killed 33,771 Jews in Kyiv.

1942: The British police shot Matangini Hazra, a 72-year old woman of Tamluk town in Midnapur district, when she was leading the flag at Tamluk in August movement procession.

1950: The first automatic telephone answering machine was tested by the US Bell Telephone company.

1959: Arati Saha successfully swam the English Channel. She was the first Asian lady to achieve the feat.

1963: Birla galaxy launched in Kolkata, the first galaxy in Asia.

1970: Union Carbide India Ltd in Bombay was commissioned Reclamation Plant Sewage Water of India for commercial use.

1977: India and Bangladesh signed settlement for distributing Ganga river water.

1981: A Delhi-Srinagar flight was hijacked by five Khalistan activists and was made to land in Lahore, Pakistan. 66 of the 117 passengers were set free on arrival in Lahore.

1988: 1988 Nobel Peace Prize for U.N. Peace-Keeping Forces.

1992: Ramesh Krishnan and Leander Paes put India into the World round of 16 nations in the Davis Cup tennis by defeating Britain (4-1).

1993: National Human Rights Commission set up.

1994: Cable Television Regulation Ordinance issued.

1997: IRS-1D, fourth Indian Remote Sensing satellite, successfully launched off by PSLV-CI, the country’s first operational polar satellite launch vehicle, from Sriharikota. With this launch, India became a member of the exclusive club of nations capable of launching the heavier class of satellites.

1998: ISRO successfully launches its largest sounding rocket, Rohini (RH-560 mk, 11 total payload, 127 kg).

2008: The Bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual brought the New York Stock Exchange index down 778 in a single day. The U.S. stock market was down the most.

2012: Altamas Kabir becomes the 39th Chief Justice of India.

2016: The Indian Army conducted a “Surgical Strike” against suspected militants in Pakistani-administered Kashmir.

Brajesh Mishra, Indian politician
Brajesh Mishra, Indian politician

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1725: Robert Clive, one of the founders of British empire in India and diplomat, was born.

1786: Guadalupe Victoria, the first president of Mexico.

1899: László Bíró, Hungarian-Argentinian journalist and inventor, invented the ballpoint pen. 

1901: Enrico Fermi, Nobel Prize-winning Italian-American physicist. He has been called the “architect of the nuclear age” and the “architect of the atomic bomb”.

1906: Chhajju Ram, social worker and teacher, was born at Manawar, Chhamb.

S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer
S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer

1925: Dr. Sharad Chandra Gokhale, Indian social worker.

1928: Brajesh Mishra, Indian politician and diplomat, 1st Indian National Security Advisor (d. 2012)

1932: Mehmood, Indian comedian, film director, and producer.

1932: Hamid Dalwai, a Muslim social reformer, thinker, activist, and Marathi language writer in Maharashtra, India.

Kushboo, South Indian actress
Kushboo, South Indian actress

1943: Lech Walesa, the first democratically-elected President of Poland, winner of the Nobel Prize.

1947: S. H. Kapadia, Indian lawyer, judge, and politician, 38th Chief Justice of India (d. 2016)

1951: Michelle Bachelet, Chile’s first female president.

1970: Kushboo, South Indian actress and producer

Death/ Death Anniversary

855: Roman Emperor Lothar I.   

1560: King Gustav I of Sweden.

1833: King Ferdinand VII of Spain.

1913: Rudolf Diesel, a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the Diesel engine, and his suspicious death at sea.

1925: Leon Bourgeois, French police officer, and politician, 64th Prime Minister of France, Nobel Prize laureate. 

1927: Willem Einthoven, Indonesian-Dutch physiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate.

1987: Henry Ford II, an American businessman.

1991: Ustad Yunus Hussain Khan, famous singer of ‘Agra Gharana’, passed away.

Tom Alter, Indian actor
Tom Alter, Indian actor

2004:  Balamani Amma, an Indian poet.

2010: Georges Charpak, Polish-born French physicist from a Jewish family who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1992.

2013: S. N. Goenka, an Indian teacher of Vipassanā meditation.

2017: Tom Alter, Indian actor (b. 1950)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History