This Day in History on 29 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 29 January. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Kansas Day (Kansas, United States)

Important Events

1528: Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, defeated the Rana Sanga, the king of Mewar, and captured the fort of Chanderi.

1780: Publication of the country’s first newspaper ‘Hikki Gazette’ or ‘Bengal Gazette’ or ‘Calcutta General Advertiser’ from Calcutta began. The editor of this English-language newspaper was James Augustus Hickey.

1861: Kansas became the 34th state of the United States.

1886: Carl Benz patented the world’s first motor vehicle.

1916: Germany invades France for the first time in World War I.

1931: Gandhiji sails for England as Congress delegate to Second Round Table Conference. This conference was attended by Madan Mohan Malaviya and Sarojini Naidu.

1939: Ramakrishna Mission Culture Institute was established.

1939: Subhas Chandra Rose beats Gandhi’s candidature to become Indian President.

1953: Indian National Academy of Dance, Drama and Music inaugurated.

1953: Dattatreya Balkrishna Kalelkar “Kaka Saheb” was appointed as the Chairman of the Backward Classes Commission.

1955: ‘Bhartiya Kamgar Kisan Party’ established.

1976: Parliamenentary Committee on official language constituted. The Committee has since then submitted six parts of its report and Presidential orders have been issued on first five parts of it. The sixth part is in print.

1976: Parliament approves permanent government and censorship of newspapers at New Delhi.

1979: India’s first jumbo train (two-engined), Tamil Nadu Express, began from New Delhi station for Madras (now Chennai).

1994: The government of India repealed the Air Corporation Act 1953. Air India and Indian Airlines converted into companies.

1997: Supreme Court rules that water is a ‘mineral’.

2006: India’s fast bowler Irfan Pathan became the first bowler to take a hat-trick in the first over in Test cricket.

2009: The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt rules that people who do not adhere to one of the three government-recognised religions, while not allowed to list any belief outside of those three, are still eligible to receive government identity documents.

2009: Governor of Illinois Rod Blagojevich is removed from office following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. president-elect Barack Obama.

2013: SCAT Airlines Flight 760 crashes near the Kazakh city of Almaty, killing 21 people.

2013: Alabama bunker hostage crisis: After shooting and killing of school bus driver, 66 years old Charles Albert Poland, Jr, by 65 year old Vietnam War era veteran, Jimmy Lee Dykes

2017: Quebec City mosque shooting: Alexandre Bissonnette opens fire at mosque in Sainte-Foy, Quebec, killing six and wounding 19 others in a spree shooting.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1737: Thomas Paine, an English-born American political activist, philosopher, political theorist, and revolutionary. 

Veturi Sundararama Murthy, Indian poet
Veturi Sundararama Murthy, Indian poet

1860: Anton Chekhov, a Russian playwright, and short-story writer.

1843: William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States.

1853: Madhusudan Rao, modern writer in Oria language, was born.

1866: Romain Rolland, a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian, mystic, and Nobel laureate. 

1896: Swami Paranabananda Brahamachari, founder of `Bharat Sevashram Sangha’, was born in Bajitpur village of Faridpur district. He took ‘sanyas’ in 1924.

1912: A. N. Ray, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India.

1922: Rajendra Singh, the fourth Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). 

1926: Mohammad Abdus Salam, a Pakistani theoretical physicist.

Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore

1936: Veturi Sundararama Murthy, Indian poet and songwriter (d. 2010)

1954: Oprah Winfrey, an American talk show host, television producer, actress, author, and philanthropist.

1962: Gauri Lankesh, an Indian journalist-turned-activist from Bangalore, Karnataka. 

1970: Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, an Indian politician, Olympic medallist, and retired Indian Army officer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1597: Maharana Pratap Singh of Udaipur, great freedom fighter, soldier and revolutionary, passed away. His son Amar Singh succeeded him.

1820: George III, the King of Great Britain and King of Ireland.

1934: Fritz Haber, a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

1963: Robert Frost, an American poet.

1974: H. E. Bates, an English writer, and author.

1983: Piloo Mody, veteran Parliament member and senior leader of Janata Party, passed away.

1993: Gopalkrishna Laxman Chandratreya, Indian mathematician.

1995: Roopesh Kumar, a character actor in Bollywood films.

2012: Ranjit Singh Dyal, Indian general and politician, 10th Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry (b. 1928)

2019: George Fernandes, Indian politician.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History