This Day in History on 27 September

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 27 September. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

World Tourism Day (International)

Important Events

1672: A new British company had been given a monopoly on the African slave trade.

1760: Mir Zafar was deposed and his son-in-law Mir Kasim became the Nawab of Bengal. He ruled till July 7, 1763.

1777: Lancaster became the capital of the United States for one day only.

1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.

1825: The Stockton via Darlington Railway introduced the world’s first passenger train.

1905: Einstein first proposed the equation E = mc².

1908: Production of the Ford Model T began.

1925: Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh RSS founded by Dr. Keshav Hedgewar.

1940: A typhoon on the island of Honshu killed 5,000 people in Germany, Italy, and Japan.

1958: Mihir Sen became the first Asian swimmer to swim across the English Channel.

1990: Kabita Garari sets record for 10 Km W (Women) in 48.10 at Beijing Asian Games.

1993: Daily newspaper of Marathi Language “Samna” started its publication at Sambhaji Nagar (Aurangabad).

1995: Cellular phone service operates for the first time in Delhi.

1996: Taliban conquered Kabul. President Burhanuddin Rabbani fled, while Najibullah was hanged in the street.

1998: The Google internet search engine retroactively claimed this date as its birthday.

2000: The Union Cabinet decides to increase the number of Padma series of awards for excellence in different fields of activities from 60 to 100.

2003: The SMART-1 satellite is launched. 

2008: CNSA astronaut Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese person to perform a spacewalk.

2012: In Minneapolis, a gunman shoots seven citizens, killing five and then himself.

2014: The eruption of Mount Ontake in Japan occurs.

2019: Over 2 million people participated in worldwide strikes to protest climate change across 2,400 locations worldwide. 

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1601: King Louis XIII of France.

1722: Samuel Adams, American revolutionary.

Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian guru
Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian guru

1792: George Cruikshank, British cartoonist who illustrated more than 850 books, such as Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist.

1856: Pratap Narayan Mishra, Hindi writer, was born. He is one of the pioneers of mordern Hindi language.

1862: Louis Botha, African Prime Minister, the first of the union of South Africa, who encouraged reconciliation between the British and the Boers.

1873: Vithalbhai Patel, great freedom fighter, social worker, nationalist leader, politician and President of the Central Assembly, was born at Karmasad, Gujarat.

1907: Wamanrao Deshpande, Indian music critic.

1907: Bhagat Singh, the legendary revolutionary, was born at Banga in West Punjab, Layalpur now in Pakistan.

Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer
Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer

1933: Yash Chopra, Indian filmmaker, and director.

1953: Mata Amritanandamayi, Indian guru and saint

1981: Lakshmipathy Balaji, Indian cricketer

1981: Brandon McCullum, New Zealand cricketer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian humanitarian and reformer
Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian humanitarian and reformer

1833: Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Indian humanitarian and reformer. And the father of the Brahmo community.

1917: Edgar Degas, French painter.

1921: Engelbert Humperdinck, German Composer.

1972: Shri Shiyali Ramamrita Ranganathan, prolific author and first librarian of the University of Madras, passed away at the age of 80 at Bangalore.

S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician
S. R. Ranganathan, Indian mathematician

1975: Tiruvenkat Rajendra Seshadri, Indian chemist.

1979: Dame Gracie Fields, English actor, singer, and comedian.

1989: Hemanta Kumar Mukherjee, noted playback singer and music director, died.

1992: Anutai Wagh, Padma Shri award-winning Indian social worker and educationist.

1999: Dr. Mabel Arole, Ramon Magsaysay Award-winning multipurpose rural health project director from India.

2004: Shobha Gurtu, India classical singer.

2008: Mahendra Kapoor, Indian playback singer.

Sanjay Surkar, Indian director and screenwriter
Sanjay Surkar, Indian director and screenwriter
Syed Ahmed, Indian author and politician
Syed Ahmed, Indian author and politician

2012: Sanjay Surkar, Indian director and screenwriter (b. 1959)

2015: Syed Ahmed, Indian author and politician, 16th Governor of Manipur (b. 1945)

2015: Kallen Pokkudan, Indian activist and author (b. 1937)

2015: Colin Pokkudan, Indian activist and writer.

Kallen Pokkudan, Indian activist
Kallen Pokkudan, Indian activist
Kavita Mahajan, Indian author
Kavita Mahajan, Indian author

2017: Hugh Hefner, American publisher, founder of Playboy Enterprises.  

2018: Kavita Mahajan, Indian author and translator. 

2018: Manoharsinghji Pradyumansinghji, Indian nobleman and politician.

2018: Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, Indian nobleman and politician

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History