This Day in History on 23 September

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 23 September. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1803: Second Anglo-Maratha War: The Battle between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India. British-Indian forces defeated the Marathas in the Battle of Assaye.

1846: Urban Lee Warrier discovered the planet Neptune. It is the first planet to be discovered by mathematical arithmetic.

1905: Norway and Sweden, previously united, decided to secede through the Karlstad Agreement.

1908: Establishment of the University of Alberta in Canada.

1932: The Hejaz and Nejd kingdoms have renamed the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1965: The Indian Army secured the Kashmir Valley and the only object left was to clean out the remnants of the Gibraltar Force. Under the guidance of United Nations, the cease-fire came into effect.

1974: The world’s first Ceefax Teletext service began on BBC television in Britain.

1974: First NCC Airforce Squadran (Women) was established at Vanasthali Vidyapeeth, Rajasthan.

1980: Indira Gandhi gains power to imprison without trial.

1983: Supreme Court upholds execution of criminals through hanging by rope.

1990: World Bank clears Rs.1,200 crore aid for Sarovar Dam rejecting objections raised by environmental groups.

1992: Indian-designed pilotless target aircraft ‘Lakshya’ successfully tested.

1999: India rejects Pakistan’s proposal for an international conference on arms control.

2002: The first version of the Mozilla Firefox browser released.

2004: Over 3,000 people die in Haiti after Hurricane Jeanne produces massive flooding and mudslides.

2008: Matti Saari kills ten people before committing suicide.

2010: The world’s biggest wind farm was inaugurated off the UK coast in Thanet, Kent.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Indian poet
Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Indian poet

2019: The British travel company, Thomas Cook Group, declares bankruptcy, leaving employees without jobs and 600,000 customers stranded abroad. Hotels throughout the world are stuck with £3.5 million (U.S. $4.3 million) in unpaid bills.[

Birth/Birth Anniversary

63 BC: Gaius Octavius Caesar, first Roman emperor, the adopted son and heir of Julius Caesar.

1215: Kublai Khan, the Mongol emperor.

 Asima Chatterjee, Indian chemist
Asima Chatterjee, Indian chemist

1819: Armand Hippolyte, French physicist who first measured the speed of light.

1861: Robert Bosch, founder of the Bosch Company.

1862: Sriniwas Shastri, great patriot and veteran politician, was born.

1892: Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari, a Muslim Hanafi scholar, and religious and political leader from the Indian subcontinent.

1903: Yusuf Meher Ali, a socialist leader, and freedom fighter.

1906: Kumar (Mijjan) alias Syed Hasan Ali, film actor, was born in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. He has worked in ‘Shadows of the Dead’, ‘Dukhiari’, ‘Gambler’, ‘Patan ni Paniari’, ‘Thoure of Delhi’.

Prem Chopra, Pakistani-Indian actor
Prem Chopra, Pakistani-Indian actor

1908: Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, a patriot and Hindi poet. He is considered one of the most important modern Hindi poets.

1911: Rappal Sangameshwar Krishnan, an Indian physicist.

1917: Asima Chatterjee, an Indian chemist.

1935: Prem Chopra, Indian actor.

Anshuman Gaekwad, Indian cricketer
Anshuman Gaekwad, Indian cricketer

1943: Tanuja, Indian actress.

1950: Dr. Abhay Bang, Indian Sociologist. He predominantly works for the upliftment of Adivasi people in Maharashtra state.

1957: Kumar Sanu, Indian playback singer. He is famous for singing thousands of Bollywood songs.

1952: Anshuman Gaekwad, Indian cricketer

Death/ Death Anniversary

1743: Sawai Jaising died.

1858: Grant Duff, a British soldier and historian from Scotland who wrote the history of the Marathas.

1863: Rao Tularam Singh Yadav, freedom fighter, was one of the key leaders of the Indian rebellion of 1857, in Haryana, where he is considered a state hero.

1870: Prosper Mérimée, French writer, historian, and archaeologist.

1882: Friedrich Wohler, German chemist. He was the first to isolate the chemical elements beryllium and yttrium in pure metallic form. He was the first to prepare several inorganic compounds including silane and silicon nitride.

1939: Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis. Considers as the father of modern psychology.

2004: Dr. Death of Raja Ramanna, Indian scientist, 4th Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.

2015: Dayananda Saraswati, Indian monk and philosopher (b. 1930)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History