This Day in History on 23 October

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 23 October. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1707: Meeting of the first Parliament of Great Britain.

1824: Rani Chainema fight with the Britishers at a ‘killa’ (fort) in Kitur.

1850: The first national women’s rights convention began in the United States.

1919: Lord Curzon, ex-Viceroy of India, takes over as Former Secretary from Tory leader Arthur Balfour in London.

1934: Gandhi resigns as leader of the All India Congress.

1943: Netaji Subash Chandra Bose inaugurated the Rani Jhansi Brigade in Azad Hind Army and announced war against the British Empire.

1944: In World War II, the Soviet Red Army invaded Hungary.

1947: Gerty Cori and her husband Carl Cori were the first couple to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine. He was given this award for his theory of the carbohydrate cycle.

1959: Chinese military confrontation with India in Aksai Chin killed 17 Indian soldiers in a clash on the Kashmir border.

1970: If India’s “vasectomy fairs” had hawkers, they might cry, “Come one, come all & all one billion.” India faces a population of one billion by the year 2000. To hold down that number, the government offered money ($13 to each man) and gifts (a sari for his wife) to those willing to be sterilized. Thirteen dollars was more than three times what an average village worker can earn in one month. In December, a fair held at Kerala attracted 15,000 men. Just seven months later, a fair in the same town received 63,000. Doctors operated in ten-hour shifts.

1973: UN-imposed sanctions end the war between Israel and Syria.

1989: US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) returns from space.

1990: Following the arrest of its President L. K. Advani, who was leading a rathyathra to Ayodhya at Samasthipur in Bihar, BJP withdrew support to National Front Government.

1992: UPSC decides to introduce a new essay paper for the civil services examination.

1993: Paramilitia kills 22 demonstrators at Bijbihara in Indian-controlled Kashmir.

1996: Amjad Ali Khan, sarod maestro, appointed UNICEF’s national ambassador for children.

1997: Kiran Bedi awarded the German Joseph Beauze Prize for Social Work.

2001: Apple releases the iPod.

2004: A earthquake in Japan rendered 85 thousand people homeless.

2012: After 38 years, the world’s first Teletext service (BBC’s Ceefax) ceased broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.

2019: Google research lab claims it has achieved Quantum Supremacy, performing calculations in 3 mins that would take a supercomputer 10,000 years.

Douglas Jardine, Indian-English cricketer
Douglas Jardine, Indian-English cricketer

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1778: Kittur Chennamma was a rani of the Nayakas of kingdom of Kittur ruled Mallarudra sarja.

1797: John J Rochussen, Governor General of Dutch-Indies (1845-51), was born.

1879: Shankar Ramchandra (Ahitagni Rajwade), Indian Vedic proponents.

1883: Mirza Mohammad Ismile, Diwan of Mysore and Prime Minister of Hydrabad and Jaipur, was born.

1883: Darashaw Nosherwan Wadia, a pioneer in Indian Geology, was born at Surat in Gujarat.

1898: Khandubhai K. Desai, politician and social reformer, was born at Bulsar in Gujarat.

1900: Douglas Jardine, Indian-English cricketer and lawyer (d. 1958)

1923: Aslam Farrukhi, Indian-Pakistani linguist, author, and scholar (d. 2016)

Aslam Farrukhi, Indian-Pakistani linguist
Aslam Farrukhi, Indian-Pakistani linguist

1923: Bhairon Singh Shekhawat was the 11th Vice President of India.

1925: Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, 11th Vice President of India. 

1937: Deven Verma, Indian actor, director, and producer (d. 2014)

1940: Pele, Brazilian footballer.

1944: Karaikudi S. Subramanian, veena player in the Karaikudi Veena Tradition.

1945: Shafi Inamdar was an Indian actor.

1957: Sunil Bharti Mittal, an Indian billionaire entrepreneur, philanthropist, and the founder and chairperson of Bharti Enterprises.

Deven Verma, Indian actor
Deven Verma, Indian actor

1957: Sunil Mittal, Indian billionaire entrepreneur, philanthropist and the founder and chairperson of Bharti Enterprises.

1959: “Weird Al” Yankovic, an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, satirist, actor, music video director, and author 

1973: Malaika Arora, Indian actress, dancer, model, VJ, and television personality.

1974: Arvind Adiga, Indian journalist, and writer.

1979: Prabhas, Indian actor who works in Telugu films.

1974: Aravind Adiga, Indian journalist and author

Aravind Adiga, Indian journalist
Aravind Adiga, Indian journalist

1981: Siddhartha Jadhav, Marathi actor and comedian who was living in Sewri, Maharashtra.

1989: Jonita Gandhi, Indian playback singer, known for her YouTube presence.

2000: Zaira Wasim, Indian former actress who worked in Hindi films.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1834: Fatḥ-ʻAli Šâh Qâjâr, the second Shah of Qajar Iran. 

1869: Edward Smith-Stanley, British statesman, three-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

1910: King Chulalongkorn Rama V of Thailand.

1921: John Boyd Dunlop, a Scottish researcher who invented the technique of using a tube filled with air inside the wheel.

1944: Charles Glover Barkla, a British physicist, and the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics.

1957: Christian Dyer, French fashion designer, founder of Christian Dior SE.

Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author
Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author

1962: Joginder Singh was an Indian Army soldier who received India’s highest military gallantry award, the Param Vir Chakra.

1973: Sambamurthy Pichhu, famous musician of Madras, died.

2012: Sunil Gangopadhyay was an Indian poet and novelist in the Bengali language based in the city of Kolkata.

2012: Sunil Gangopadhyay, Indian author and poet (b. 1934)

2013: Bhau Kalchuri was an Indian author and poet.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History