This Day in History on 21 October
The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.
On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 21 October. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.
Indian Police Commemoration Day (India)
1296: Alauddin Khilji captured the throne of Delhi. In July declared himself as the Sultan.
1577: Guru Ramdas, Sikh Guru, established Amritsar city.
1805: The Battle of Trafalgar took place on the coast of Spain.
1854: Florence Nightingale and 38 other nurses were sent to the Crimean War for medical treatment.
1867: The Medicine Lodge Treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
1879: Thomas Edison applied for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
1888: The Swiss Social Democratic Party was established.
1906: Gandhiji went to England till Nov 30 on deputation to present Indians’ case to Colonial Secretary.
1934: Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan and his friends established the ‘Congress Socialist Party’ and Acharya Narendra Dev was its President and JP was its Gen. Secretary.
1943: Azad Hind Government was established in Singapore and Netaji Subhashchandra Bose was elected as its national leader.
1943: Subhash Chandra Bose formally declared the Government of Independent India.
1945: French women voted for the first time during the 1945 French Legislative Elections.
1947: The office of Controller of Military Accounts (Pensions), Lahore was bifurcated and the pension work relating to Indian nationals was transferred to Allahabad.
1950: China invades Tibet.
1951: Establishment of the Indian political party Bharatiya Jan Sangh.
1954: Government of India and France sign an agreement for the de-facto transfer of the French settlement of Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe to the Indian Union. The merger took place on November 1.
1959: Chinese and Indian troops clash on Ladakh border.
1981: Kerala under central rule.
1983: Light spaced at a distance of 1/299792458 seconds, defined as 1 meter.
1987: The Jaffna hospital massacre is carried out by Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka, killing 70 ethnic Tamil patients, doctors and nurses.
1989: Sukhdev Singh and Harvinder Singh, assassins of General Arun Kumar Vaidya, were sentenced to death.
1990: Doordarshan starts afternoon news bulletins at 2 p.m. (Hindi) and 3 p.m. (English) of 7.5 minutes duration on week days and 5 minutes on Sundays.
1994: Government notifies substantial increase in the ceiling on election expenses on Lok Sabha and Assembly polls.
1996: Japan gets non-permanent seat in Security Council after a contest with India.
1997: RBI de-regulates deposit rates, reduces CRR and Bank Rate (from 10\% to 9) and allows banks to have two sets of Prime Lending Rates.
1999: Dadasaheb Phalke Award announced to filmmaker BR Chopra.
2000: Seema Antil becomes the first Indian ever to win a global title by bagging a gold medal in disc throw in the World Junior Athletic championship in Santiago.
2002: Mumbai Police filed a charge sheet against Salman Khan in Bandra Magistrate’s Court.
1762: Herman W Daendels, Brig-General and Governor General of Dutch-Indies (1807-11), was born.
1833: Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist, and engineer invented dynamite, and founded the Nobel Prize.
1858: Ramabai Dongre Medhavi, great social reformer, was born.
1887: Krishna Singh, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Bihar (d. 1961)
1916: Dinkarrai Dhirajlal Desai, cricket Test Umpire for 3 tests from 1955-57, was born in Gujarat.
1931: Shammi Kapoor, Indian-Hindi film actor, and producer.
1937: Farooq Abdullah, an Indian politician and chairman of Jammu & Kashmir National Conference.
1949: Benjamin Netanyahu, the ninth Prime Minister of Israel.
1972: HR Gaikwad, an Indian entrepreneur, and the Chairman and Managing Director of BVG India Limited.
1972: Ashutosh Agashe, Indian businessman and cricketer
1980: Kim Kardashian, an American media personality, socialite, model, businesswoman, and actress.
1992: Srinidhi Shetty, an Indian model, actress and beauty pageant titleholder.
Death/ Death Anniversary
1422: King Charles VI of France.
1789: Ramshastri Prabhune, justice of Peshwa kingdom, died.
1835: Muthuswami Dikshitar, Indian-Tamil poet and composer.
1858: Baburao Shedmake, an Indian pro-independence rebel and a Gond chieftain from Central India.
1981: Dattatraya Ramchandra Bendre, Indian-Kannada poet.
1990: Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian philosopher, and writer.
1990: Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, Indian philosopher and author (b. 1921)
1995: Linda Goodman, American astrologer, and author.
1998: Ajit alias Hamid Ali Khan (76), Hindi film actor, dies in Hyderabad.
2010: A. Ayyappan, Indian poet and translator (b. 1949)
2012: Yash Chopra, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1932)