This Day in History on 2 August

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 2 August. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1763: British troops once again defeated Mir Kasim in ‘Giriya’ battle.

1790: The first census in the United States.

1858: The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed on 2 August 1858. British parliament passed the act to handover the administration of India to British Government from East India Company. After the occasion, the Supreme British ruler in India was called as ‘Viceroy’.

1923: Calvin Coolidge became the 30th President of the United States.

1935: The British pass Govt. of India Act, separating Burma, Aden from India.

1939: Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard wrote a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt, urging him to begin the Manhattan Project to develop a nuclear weapon.

1942: Gandhi says that the Japanese might be welcomed in India should they invade due to current Indian discontent.

1954: The small Portuguese enclave of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched between Maharashtra and Gujarat was liberated by Indian freedom fighters.

1959: Little Theatre was established.

1970: Smt. Chonira Beliappa Muthamma, India’s first woman ambassador, was deputed at Hungary.

1987: Vishwanath Anand won the World Junior Chess Championship and became the first Asian player.

1987: Geet Sethi retains the World Amateur Billiards title.

1988: The Supreme Court confirmed death sentence on Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh in Indira Gandhi murder case.

1989: A massacre is carried out by an Indian Peace Keeping Force in Sri Lanka killing 64 ethnic Tamil civilians.

1990: Iraq invaded Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War. 

1990: Iraq invades Kuwait, eventually leading to the Gulf War.

1999: The Gaisal train disaster claims 285 lives in Assam, India.

2000: The Lok Sabha performs a ”hat-trick” by setting off the process for the creation of three new states by passing the Jharkhand Bill.

2005: Air France Flight 358 lands at Toronto Pearson International Airport and runs off the runway, causing the plane to burst into flames leaving 12 injuries and no fatalities.

Prafulla Chandra Ray, Indian chemist and academic
Prafulla Chandra Ray, Indian chemist and academic

2014: At least 146 people were killed and more than 114 injured in a factory explosion in Kunshan, Jiangsu, China.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1834: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, a French sculptor.

1861: Prafulla Chandra Ray, an eminent Bengali chemist, educationist, historian, industrialist, and philanthropist. He  was born in the village of Raruli-Katipara IN Jessore district.

Ravishankar Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician
Ravishankar Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician
Pingali Venkayya
Pingali Venkayya

1876: Pingali Venkayya, an Indian freedom fighter and the designer of the flag on which the Indian national flag was based. 

1877: Ravishankar Shukla, First Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh. India.

1878: Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist (d. 1978)

1880: Bellary Raghava, famous actor, lawyer, social worker and dramatist, was born.

1885: Poet Siyaram Saran Gupt, brother of national poet Maithilysharan Gupt, was born.

Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician
Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician

1889: Trailokyanath Chakraborty, an Indian independence activist and politician.

1891: Padmashree V. P. Karmarkar (Nanasaheb), famous sculptor, was born.

1956: Vijay Rupani, former Chief Minister of Gujarat.

1876: Pingali Venkayya, Indian geologist, designed the Flag of India (d. 1963)

1877: Ravishankar Shukla, Indian lawyer and politician, 1st Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (d. 1956)

1919: Bharat Bhushan Agrawal, famous poet and winner of Sahitya Academy Award, was born.

1922: Gangaprasad Birla, great industrialist, was born.

1922: Krishnapal Singh, politician and lawyer, was born at Birahuli in Madhya Pradesh.

Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist
Berta Ruck, Indian-born Welsh romance novelist
Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist
Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist

1929: Vidya Charan Shukla, Indian politician, Indian Minister of External Affairs (d. 2013)

1932: Lamar Hunt, an American businessman.

1945: Bunker Roy, Indian educator and activist

1958: Arshad Ayub, cricketer (Indian off-spinner in 13 Tests between 1987-89), was born in Hyderabad.

1977: Jaswinder “Jas” Jutla, Soccer(Football) player, was born in Glasgow, Scotland.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1589: Henry III, King of France.

1781: Sakharambapu Bokeel, great politician in Maratha kingdom, died.

1922: Alexander Graham Bell, a Scottish-born inventor, scientist, and engineer.

1953: Baldev Ramji Mirdha “Kisan Kesari”, great social worker, leader and politician, died in harness while going to address a Kisan Conference. He also played a vital role in the formation of Rajasthan.

1980: Ramkinkar Baij, an Indian sculptor and painter.

2010: Kamal Kapoor, an Indian actor, and producer.

2016: Terence Bayler, New Zealand actor (b. 1930)

2016: David Huddleston, American actor (b. 1930)

2016: Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (b. 1927)

2016: Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1946)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History