Shivaji Jayanti (Maharashtra, India)
1986 – Akkaraipattu massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 80 Tamil farm workers in eastern Sri Lanka.
1989 – Flying Tiger Line flight 66 crashes into a hill near Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Malaysia, killing four.
2002 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system.
2003 – An Ilyushin Il-76 military aircraft crashes near Kerman, Iran, killing 275.
2006 – A methane explosion in a coal mine near Nueva Rosita, Mexico, kills 65 miners.
2011 – The debut exhibition of the Belitung shipwreck, containing the largest collection of Tang dynasty artifacts found in one location, begins in Singapore.
2012 – Forty-four people are killed in a prison brawl in Apodaca, Nuevo León, Mexico.
1630 – Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Indian warrior king and the founder of Maratha Empire
1911 – Merle Oberon, Indian-American actress (d. 1979)
1930 – Kasinathuni Viswanath, Indian actor, director, and screenwriter
Death/ Death Anniversary
1915 – Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Indian philosopher and politician (b. 1866)
2015 – Nirad Mohapatra, Indian director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1947)