This Day in History on 19 December

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 19 December. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Goa Liberation Day

Important Events

1154: King Henry II became emperor of England.

1857: The trial on Raja Nahar Singh, who was arrested and then was prisioned at Metcalfe House, began on Saturday at 1100 hrs at Delhi.

1927: Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, and Ashfaqullah Khan were hanged by the British government.

1927: Uttar Pradesh was formed by an Automobile Association.

1929: The Indian National Congress promulgates the Purna Swaraj (the Declaration of the Independence of India).

1941: World War II- Adolf Hitler became commander-in-chief of the German army.

1945: Gandhiji lays foundation stone of C. F. Andrews’ Memorial Hospital at Santiniketan.

1952: Nehru announces the Government’s decision for establishing an Andhra State, constituting Telugu speaking areas of the State of Madras, excluding the city.

1961: Goa was liberated after Portuguese surrendered to the Indian troops.

1961: Portuguese-occupied territories of Daman and Diu were annexed to India.

1961: Goa got freedom from slavery in Portugal.

1978: The Lok Sabha expels Indira Gandhi from the House and sentences her to imprisonment for a term lasting its prorogation. She was released from jail on December 26.

1983: The FIFA World Cup was stolen from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

1984: 2,500 killed in Bhopal gas tragedy.

1994: Critical stores of IAF were de-inducted by AN-124 contracted by UN. Bulky stores were brought by ship Mogadishu.

1995: Unidentified aircraft drops a heap of sophisticated arms and ammunition, including AK-47 rifles, rocket launchers and anti-tank grenades in Purulia district in West Bengal.

1999: The President and the Prime Minister express shock over the bid to assassinate the Sri Lankan President, Chandrika Kumaratunga.

2000: A massive blaze guts Mehboob Studio, one of the oldest in Mumbai city.

2000: The Government suffers an embarrassing defeat with the Rajya Sabha adopting a motion recording its “disagreement” with the Prime Minister for defending three of his Cabinet colleagues charged in the Babri Masjid demolition case.

2002: V. N. Khare became the 33rd Chief Justice of India.

2012: Park Gyun Hee becomes the first female president of South Korea.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Pratibha Patil

1683: Philip V, the King of Spain.

1852: Albert Abraham Michelson, an American physicist.

1873: Sir Upendranath Brahmachari, an Indian scientist.

1894: Kasturbhai Lalbhai, an Indian industrialist, and philanthropist.

Rajesh Chauhan

1899: Martin Luther King Sr., an African American Baptist pastor, missionary, and an early figure in the Civil Rights Movement.

1906: Leonid Brezhnev, a Soviet communist politician.

1917: Ashoknath Banerjee, Governor of Karnataka, was born.

1919: Om Prakash, an Indian character actor.

1919: Sunil Kumar Banerjee, cricket Test Umpire for 1 test from 1963-64, was born at Bengal.

1934: Pratibhatai Patil, the first female President of India.

Nayan Mongia

1958: C. P. Gurnani, the CEO and Managing Director of Tech Mahindra.

1966: Rajesh Chauhan, Indian cricketer

1969: Nayan Mongia, Indian cricketer

1974: Ricky Ponting, an Australian cricket coach, commentator, and former cricketer.

1980: Jacob Gyllenhaal, an American actor and film producer.

Death/ Death Anniversary

1848: Emily Brontë, an English novelist, and poet.

Ashfaqulla Khan

1851: William Turner, an English Romantic painter, printmaker, and watercolorist.

1860: James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, Lord Dalhousie, former Governor-General of India.

1915: Aloysius Alzheimer, a German psychiatrist, and neuropathologist.

Ram Prasad Bismil

1927: Ram Prasad Bismil, an Indian revolutionary.

1927: Ashfaqulla Khan, a freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement.

1953: Robert Andrews Millikan, an American physicist honored with the Nobel Prize for Physics.

1860: Lord Dalhousie, Governor General of India (1848-1856), died.

S. Balasubramanian

1988: Umashankar Joshi, an Indian poet, scholar and writer.

1994: K. A. P. Vishwanathan, famous Tamil author, passed away.

1997: Masaru Ibuka, a Japanese electronics industrialist, and co-founder of Sony.

2004: Herbert Brown, an American chemist, and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

2014: S. Balasubramaniam, an Indian journalist, and director.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History