This Day in History on 14 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 14 January. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Magh Bihu (Assam)
Maghe Sankranti (Nepal)
Maghi (Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh)
Makar Sankranti (India)

The first day of Pongal,
Uttarayan (Uttarakhand, Gujarat and Rajasthan)

  • Geography Day (INDIA)
  • World Logic Day (UNESCO)

Important Events

1641: United East India Company conquered the city of Malacca.

1758: Under an authority letter from the Emperor of England, the East India Company got the right to keep the money and property looted in any war against the company or emperor in India.

1760: French General Lally handed over his colony Pondicherry (present-day Puducherry) to British Captain Ayre Coot.

1761: The third and last battle of Panipat, fought between the Marathas and the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abadli, started. The Marathas lost 28,000 soldiers and were virtually routed in North India thus ending the Maratha hegemony.

1907: The disastrous earthquake in Kingston, the capital of the Caribbean country of Jamaica, killed more than 1000 people.

1923: Vidarbha Sahitya Sangh established.

1938: Belur Math, new temple, was consecrated in Calcutta.

1948: First issue of Marathi daily newspaper ‘Loksatta’ was published.

1957: Kripalu Maharaj was named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher) after giving seven days of speeches before 500 Hindu scholars.

1959: Indira Gandhi, Nehru’s daughter, emerges as leading choice for president in New Delhi.

1964: Bapu Nadkarni bowled 32-27-5-0 vs England, 21 maiden overs in a row.

1969: Madras, the southern state of India, was renamed Tamil Nadu.

1974: The World Football League began.

1980: Indira Gandhi was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India. She held the office till she was assassinated on October 31, 1984.

1982: First Antarctic Expedition on December 1981-Jan 1982; group of 21 Indian scientists team led by S. Z. Qasim reached Antarctica successfully.

1984: Gujarati Daily ‘Samkalin’ of Indian Express Group published.

1985: Dr. Nagendra Singh elected World Court Chief.

1990: India and Maldives scrap visas.

1993: The Supreme Court absolves Railway Minister Jaffer Sharief of corruption charges in the wagon deal with Asea Brown Boveri.

1994: Marathwada University had renamed as Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University.

1994: The first Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Centenary Award for Excellence in Biomedical Research, instituted by ICMR in 1991-92, was announced in 1994 (Dr. G. Padamanabhan, Director, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, is the first recipient of this Award).

1995: The 5th Pay Commission suggests trimming of bureaucracy.

1998: Bharat Ratna Award announced to veteran singer M. S. Subbalakshmi.

1998: Prof. Amartya Kumar Sen, an Economist, is sworn in new Master of the Trinity College. He is the first Asian to head a Cambridge College.

2000: The Gandhi Peace Prize was awarded to Veteran social activist Baba Amte.

Rao Gopal Rao, Indian actor
Rao Gopal Rao

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1551: Abu’l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, the grand vizier of the Mughal emperor Akbar, and author of the Akbarnama.

1592: Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan, leader of India, was born.

1773: Amstored Lord William Piet, governor, was born.

1843: Fakir Mohan Senapati, great writer and nationalist, was born.

1845: Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, English politician, 34th Governor-General of India (d. 1927)

1882: Maharshi Raghunath Dhondo Karve, father of Family Planning and Sex Education, was born.

Rambhadracharya, Indian religious leader
Rambhadracharya, Indian religious leader

1883: Nina Ricci, an Italian-born French fashion designer.

1892: D. B. Deodhar, a former Indian Cricketer.

1896: Chintaman Dwarkanath Deshmukh, an Indian civil servant, and the first Indian to be appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India in 1943 by the British Raj authorities.

1905: Durga Khote, Marathi stage artist and actress, was born.

1919: Kaifi Azmi, an Indian Urdu poet.

O. Panneerselvam, Indian politician
O. Panneerselvam, Indian politician

1926: Mahasweta Devi, an Indian writer in Bengali and an activist. 

1927: M. Aram, famous Hindi writer and educationist, was born in Kulasekharapatnam at Madras .

1937: Sobhan Babu, an Indian film actor known for his works exclusively in Telugu cinema.      

1937: Rao Gopal Rao, Indian actor, producer, and politician (d. 1994)

1942: Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal, the 36th Chief Justice of India.

Narain Karthikeyan, Indian race car driver
Narain Karthikeyan, Indian race car driver

1945: Surjit Patar, a Punjabi language writer, and poet of Punjab, India.

1950: Rambhadracharya, Indian religious leader, scholar, and author

1951: O. Panneerselvam, Indian politician, 7th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

1977: Narain Karthikeyan, a racing driver who was the first Formula One driver from India.

Death/ Death Anniversary

M. Visvesvaraya, Indian engineer
M. Visvesvaraya, Indian engineer

1742: Edmond Halley, an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.

1761: Sadashivrao Peshwa, the Sardar Senapati of the Maratha army.

1851: Peshwa Bajirao Raghunath, last Peshwa of Marathas, passed away at Brahmawart.

1898: Lewis Carroll, an English writer of children’s fiction, notably Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass. 

1901: Charles Hermite, a French mathematician.

1920: John Francis Dodge, an American automobile manufacturing pioneer, and co-founder of Dodge Brothers Company.

1937: Jaishankar Prasad, Indian poet, author, and playwright (b. 1889)

1962: M. Visvesvaraya, Indian engineer, scholar, and politician (b. 1860)

1978: Kurt Friedrich Gödel, a logician, mathematician, and analytic philosopher.

1984: Raymond Albert Kroc, an American businessman. 

1991: Chitragupt Shrivastava, an Indian film music director in the Hindi cinema and Bhojpuri cinema.

1994: Ahmed Ali, a Pakistani novelist, poet, critic, translator, diplomat, and scholar. 

1994: C. V. Waran, veteran freedom fighter and social worker, passed away.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History