This Day in History on 12 September
The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.
On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 12 September. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.
1910: The World’s first policewoman was appointed by the Los Angeles Police Department: Mrs. Alice Stebbin Wells was a social worker in her previous carrier.
1935: American millionaire Howard Hughes achieved an aviation record, flying an airplane of his design at 352.46 mph (564 kph).
1936: British Tennis champion Fred Perry won the US Tennis championships to become the first non-American winner.
1953: Nikita Khrushchev was elected the first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1857: The SS Central America sunk about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship was carrying 13-15 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush.
1919: Adolf Hitler became a candidate for the German Workers Party.
1948: Marshal Lin Biao, commander-in-chief of the Chinese communist Northeast Field Army, launched a massive offensive toward Jinzhou, Liaoshen Campaign has begun.
1959:The Soviet Union launched a large rocket, Lunik II, at the Moon.
2002: Metsat, an Indian satellite was successfully launched.
2005: Disney land started in Hong Kong.
2011: The National September 11 Memorial and Museum in New York City opened to the public.
2015: A series of explosions involving propane triggering nearby illegally stored mining detonators in the Indian town of Petlawad in the state of Madhya Pradesh kills at least 105 people with over 150 injured.
1494: Francis I, King of France.
1791: Michael Faraday, an American scientist. His main discoveries include the principles underlying electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and electrolysis.
1818: Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor, invented the Gatling gun.
1852: Herbert Henry Asquith, British Liberal prime minister who introduced the old-age pension.
1894: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, Indin Bengali author.
1894: Dorothy Maud Wrinch, Argentinian-English mathematician, biochemist, and philosopher. She was best known for her attempt to deduce protein structure using mathematical principles.
1897: Irene Joliot-Curie, French chemist, and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate. She was the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie.
1912: Feroze Gandhi, Indian politician, and journalist. He published the newspapers The National Herald and The Navjivan.
1948: Max Walker, Australian footballer, cricketer, sportscaster, and architect.
1973: Tarana Burke, American civil rights activist.
1994: RM, South Korean rapper, songwriter and record producer
1994: Elina Svitolina, Ukrainian tennis player
1995: Steven Gardiner, Bahamian sprinter
1995: Ryan Potter, American actor
Death/ Death Anniversary
1952: Pandit Sawai Gandharva, a popular Hindustani Classical vocalist from Karnataka.
1962: Rangeya Raghav, Indian author and playwright (b. 1923)
1973: Marjorie Merriweather Post, American Entrepreneur.
1977: Steve Biko, South African Black Consciousness activist, died after six days in police detention.
1981: Eugenio Montale, Italian poet, essayist, and translator, Nobel Prize laureate.
1992: Mallikarjun Mansur, an Indian classical singer from Karnataka.
1994: Boris Yegorov, Soviet Astronaut, The first Soviet physician to be sent into outer space.
2003: Johnny Cash, Johnny Cash was a famous American singer-songwriter, author and actor.
2009: Norman Borlaug, American agronomist, and humanitarian, Noble Prize laureate. Known as the Father of the Green Revolution.
2013: Ray Milton Dolby, an American engineer and inventor of the noise reduction system known as Dolby NR.