This Day in History on 12 November

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 12 November. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

World Pneumonia Day

Important Events

1762: Peshwa surrendered in Battle of Alegaon.

1781: Nagapatnam of South India was captured by the British troops. The British captured Nagapattinam.

1847: British physician Sir James Young Simpson used chloroform for the first time as an anesthetic.

1905: The people of Norway agreed to retain the monarchy instead of becoming a republic.

1918: Austria became a republic.

1927: Leon Trotsky was ousted from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in power.

1929: First Maharastrian Governor Shripad Balwant Tambe was appointed as Governor of Nagpur.

1930: First ‘Round Table Conference’ started in London. Only Muslim League party was present in the conference and there were no representative of Congress. 16 Indian Kings, 23 British representatives and other 56 Indians took part in this conference. The Muslim League consisted of Sir Agha Khan, Mohammed Ali Jauhar, Quaid-e-Azam, Sir Mohammed Shafi, Fazl-ul-Haq, Chaudhary Zafarullah and Ghulam Hussain.

1936: Kerala temples opened to all Hindus.

1939: Pratap Chandra Lal arrived at the training establishment at RAF Station, Risalpur. He then rose to the Air Chief Marcharl of Indian Air Force.

1945: Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel discussed the political situation, in Pune, for ten and a half hours.

1956: Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia joined the United Nations.

1958: Satyajit Ray gets the award for best direction at the San Francisco International Film Festival.

1969: Indira Gandhi, who was expelled from Congress for indiscipline during President elections, made a large split and formed her own Congress Party with Jagjivan Ram as President. The party is recognised as Congress (I).

1984: One rupee currency coin was introduced.

1984: Rajiv Gandhi elected Congress (I) President.

1990: Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.

1990: Uttar Pradesh Government raises the reservation for Backward Classes in direct recruitment to State Services from 15 to 27 per cent.

1996: Over 350 people die in mid-air collision in Bhiwani district, Haryana.

1997: India elected to executive board of UNESCO.

1997: Ramozi Yousef was convicted of bombing World Trade Center in 1993.

1998: Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the introduction of the Person of Indian Origin (PIO) identity card scheme to facilitate visa-free travel for Indians residing abroad.

2000: It was decided in India to celebrate November 12 as National Public Broadcasting Day.

2003: The Shanghai Transrapid passenger train set a world record of 501 km / h.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist and author
Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist and author

1817: Baháʼu’lláh, a Persian religious leader, and the founder of the Baháʼí Faith.

1819: Sir Monier Monier-Williams, the second Boden Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University, England. 

1866: Sun Yat-sen, the first president of the People’s Republic of China.

1880: Pandurang Mahadev Bapat, popularly known as Senapati Bapat, was a figure in the Indian independence movement.

1885: Firodia Kundanmal Shobhachand, politician and Gandhian, was born.

Amjad Khan, Indian actor
Amjad Khan, Indian actor

1889: David Wallace, co-founder of Reader’s Digest.

1896: Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali, an Indian ornithologist, and naturalist.

1940: Amjad Khan, Indian actor & director (d. 1992)

1946: Gopal Bedi (Ranjeet), an Indian film and television actor.

1982: Anne Hathaway, an American actress.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian academic
Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian academic

1916: Percival Lawrence Lowell, an American businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer.

1946: Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian academic and politician, President of the Indian National Congress (b. 1861)

1959: Keshavrao Marutirao Jedhe, great leader of Harijans and farmers, passed away.

1965: Taher Saifuddin, Indian spiritual leader, 51st Da’i al-Mutlaq (b. 1888)

1969: Sahibzada Iskander Ali Mirza, a Pakistani general, civil servant, and the first President of Pakistan.

Ravi Chopra, Indian director
Ravi Chopra, Indian director

2003: Jonathan Brandis, an American actor. 

2007: K. C. Ibrahim, Indian cricketer (b. 1919)

2014: Ravi Chopra, Indian director, and producer (b. 1946)

2018: Stan Lee, an American comic book writer, editor, publisher, and producer. 

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History