This Day in History on 12 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including that of the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that have occurred on 12 January. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

Important Events

1705: Satara became the capital of the Maratha Empire.

1915: US Parliament rejected women’s suffrage proposal.

1948: Mahatma Gandhi gave his last speech and decided to go on a hunger strike against communal violence. He was deeply saddened by the partition of India in 1947.

1991: US Parliament approved military action against Iraq.

2004: The world’s largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, made its maiden voyage.

2005: Establishment of National Knowledge Commission.

2019: The Economic Weaker Section Reservation Bill Article 15(6) and Article 16(6) which ensures 10% reservations to the poor and lower-middle-class people in upper castes who were denied any kind of affirmative action previously, was cleared by the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

Jijabai Shahaji Bhosale

1598: Jijabai Shahaji Bhosale, the mother of Shivaji Maharaj, founder of the Maratha Empire.

1863: Swami Vivekananda, an Indian Hindu monk.

1869: Bhagwan Das, an Indian Theosophist, and public figure.

1889: Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, the second caliph, leader of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

Swami Vivekananda

1893: Hermann Göring, a German political and military leader.

1918: C. Ramachandra, a renowned music composer in the movie industry of India.

1921: Basant Kumar Birla, an Indian businessman.

1931: Ahmed Faraz, a Pakistani Urdu poet.

1936: Brajanath Ratha, Indian poet and activist (d. 2014)

1936: Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, Indian lawyer and politician, Indian Minister of Home Affairs (d. 2016)

1964: Jeff Bezos, an American internet entrepreneur, industrialist, media proprietor, and investor.

1972: Priyanka Gandhi, an Indian politician and the general secretary of the All India Congress Committee.

1976: Mahesh Kale, an Indian Classical vocalist.

Death/ Death Anniversary

Amrish Puri

1934: Surya Sen, an Indian revolutionary.

1966: Narhar Vishnu Gadgil, an Indian freedom fighter and politician from Maharashtra, India.

1976: Agatha Christie, an English writer.

1992: Kumar Gandharva, an Indian classical singer.

2005: Amrish Puri, an Indian actor, who was an important figure in Indian theatre and cinema.

Futher Reading

Month-wise This Day in History