This Day in History on 12 August

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 12 August. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

International Youth Day

World Elephant Day (International)

Important Events

1676: Praying Indian John Alderman shoots and kills Metacomet, the Wampanoag war chief, ending King Philip’s War.

1851: Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.

1865: During an operation at Glasgow Royal infantry today British surgeon Josef Lister, 38, demonstrated a method of preventing infection of an operation wound.  

1883: The last of the Quaggas died in Amsterdam zoo. Quaggas is the species of Zebra.

1905: Japan, Britain reach an accord determining spheres of influence in Far East; India to remain with the British.

1928: The Olympic Games hosted by Amsterdam fully realized Pierre de Coubertin’s vision: ‘the nations of the world in friendly competition’. After a succession of Olympics dominated by North America and Western Europe, Amsterdam welcomed more than 3,000 competitors.

1946: Viceroy announces invitation to Congress to form provisional Government.

1952: Social Welfare Board inaugurated in the Parliament.

1948: India won gold medal in hockey in London Olympics.

1952: 13 prominent Jewish intellectuals and poets were murdered in Moscow, Russia, Soviet Union.

1960: Communication satellite Echo is launched at Cape Canaveral.

1981: The IBM personal computer released.

1990: Sue which is the longest and most complete Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton found to date. Discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.

1991: Parliament passes the Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (prevention) amendment bill.

1996: Supreme Court stays further proceedings against Narasimha Rao in Chandraswami-Lakhubhai Pathak cheating case.

1997: Bar Council of India debars full-time law teachers from practising as lawyers.

1998: Rajiv Gandhi Khelaratna Award, which is the highest award in sports in India, declared to Sachin Tendulkar.

2000: Neelam Jaswant Singh heaves the discus to a National mark (59.53m) in the Travancore National circuit athletics meet in Thiurvananthapuram.

Birth/Birth Anniversary

1868: Frederick JNT Lord Chelmsford, Viceroy of British-India (1916-21), was born.

Vikram Sarabhai
Vikram Sarabhai

1887: Erwin Schrodinger, an Australian physicist born. Noble prize winner who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of Quantum theory. Schrodinger equation provides a way to calculate the wave function of the system and how it changes dynamically in time.

1897: Major Gegeral Himmat Singh, Governor of Himachal Pradesh and Duputy Defence Minister, was born.

1918: First CO of the Royal Air forces 617 squadrons. He was born in Shimla, India.

 Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot
Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot

1918: Guy Gibson, Anglo-Indian commander and pilot, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1944)

1919: Vikram Sarabhai, an Indian socialist and physicist. He invented space research and helped to develop nuclear power in India. He is also known as the father of the Indian Space Programme.

1922: Chunilal Kalidas Madiya, famous Gujrati one-act player, playwright story writer and novelist, was born.

1924: Mohammad Zia ul Haq, 6th president of Pakistan. He was the longest-reigning president of Pakistan from 1978 to 1988.

Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician
Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician
Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer
Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer

1948: Siddaramaiah, Indian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chief Minister of Karnataka

1952: Sitaram Yechuri, Indian Politician. He is the leader of the communist party (Marxist).

1972: Gyanendra Pandey, Indian cricketer

Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer
Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer
Sara Ali Khan
Sara Ali Khan

1987: Vanessa Watts, West Indian cricketer

1988: Tyson Fury, a British boxer.

1995: Sara Ali Khan, Indian Actress. Daughter of Saif Ali khan.  

Death/ Death Anniversary

1602: Abul Fazal, Akbar’s minister, was killed on the instructions of Jahangir.

1827: William Blake, British artist and poet. He influenced the visual art of romantic age.

1848: George Stephenson, Who invented the steam locomotive ‘Rocket’.

1964: Ian Fleming, the man who created secrete agent James Bond 007. Died of a heart attack.

1973: Bhausaheb Bandodkar, the first Chief Minister of Goa, Daman and Diu. 

1997: Gulshan Kumar, Founder of T-series. He was a music director and Bollywood film producer. Assassinated by Mumbai underworld.

2005: Kadir Magar, Shri lankan politician. Assassinated by militants.

2016: Juan Pedro de Miguel, Spanish handball player (b. 1958)

2017: Bryan Murray, Canadian ice hockey coach (b. 1942)

2019: DJ Arafat, Ivoirian DJ and singer (b. 1986)

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History