This Day in History on 1 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that occurred on 1 January. The students can refer to them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

New Year’s Day 

Important Events

1399: Amir Timur left Delhi. He took the title ‘Emperor of India’ and recrossed the Indus on March 11.

1664: Shivaji assumes royal title.

1664: Shivaji marched towards Surat.

1851: Publication of Marathi newspaper ‘Gyanoday’.

1862: Indian Penal Code and code of Criminal Procedure passed on October 6, 1860 came into force.

1874: The first women magazine “Bola Bodhini” was published.

1877: Queen Victoria was proclaimed as ‘The Empress of India’ in Delhi Darbar.

1756: The Nicobar Islands were annexed by Denmark and renamed New Denmark.

1808: Slave imports were banned in the United States.

1818: The battle of Bhima Koregaon – 2nd Bombay Native Infantry Battalion, led by F. F. Stanton, defeated 28,000 Peshwa troops at Bhima Koregaon, with only 834 soldiers.

1848: Mahatma Jyotirao Phule and Savitribai Phule started the first girls’ school at Bhide Wada, Pune.

1862: The Indian Penal Code came into existence.

1877: Queen Victoria of England became the Empress of India.

1880: ‘Money order’ system started in the country.

1903: In Great Delhi Darbar, marked the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India

1906: British Government accepted the Indian standard.

1915: Mahatma Gandhi was awarded the ‘Kaisar-i-Hind’ by the Viceroy Lord Hardinge of Penshurst for his contribution to ambulance services in South Africa.

1919: The Government of India Act came into force, and legislatures were established in the country.

1923: Swarajya Party was formed by Chittaranjan Das and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

1949: Ceasefire declared in Kashmir.

1950: Ajaigarh merged into the Union of India.

1992: India and Pakistan exchanged lists of their nuclear installations for the first time.

1995: World Trade Organization came into existence.

2019: Millions of women created a 300 mile ‘Women’s Wall’ across state of Kerala, India, in support of women’s access to temple of Sabarimala.

Vidya Balan
Vidya Balan

Births/ Birth Anniversary

1662: Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, a Peshwa of the Maratha Empire.

1735: Paul Revere, an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution.

1875: Hasrat Mohani, an Indian activist, a freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement, and a noted poet of the Urdu language.

1879: Edward M Forster, English novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), was born.

1891: Sampurnanand, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, was born.

1892: Mahadev Desai, an Indian independence activist, and writer. He was the personal secretary of Mahatma Gandhi.

1894: Satyendra Nath Bose, an Indian mathematician, and physicist.

Nana Patekar

1919: J. D. Salinger, an American writer.

1941: Asrani, an Indian actor, and director.

1950: Rahat Indori, an Indian Bollywood lyricist and Urdu poet.

1951: Nana Patekar, an Indian film actor, writer, philanthropist, and filmmaker.

1953: Salman Khurshid, an Indian politician, designated senior advocate, eminent author, and a law teacher.

Salman Khurshid

1971: Jyotiraditya Scindia, an Indian politician.

1973: Anand Kumar, an Indian Mathematics educator, best known for his Super 30 program.

1975: Sonali Bendre, an Indian actress.

1979: Vidya Balan, an Indian actress.

1894 : Satyendra Nath Bose – This Indian physicist was born in 1894 in Kolkata and is renowned for his contribution towards Quantum Mechanics.

Death/Death Anniversary

1515: Louis XII, King of France.

1748: Johann Bernoulli, a Swiss mathematician.

1892: Heinrich Hertz, a German physicist.

1945: Vedanayagam Samuel Azariah, an Indian evangelist, and the first Indian bishop.

1955: Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, was an Indian colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator. He is revered as the “father of research laboratories” in India.

1992: Grace Hopper, an American computer scientist.

1995: Eugene Wigner, a Hungarian-American theoretical physicist.

2009: Ramashreya Jha, a distinguished composer, musician, scholar, and teacher of Hindustani Classical music.

Further Reading

Month-wise This Day in History