satyendra nath bose
satyendra nath bose

This Day in History on 1 January

The historical events hold a lot of value for aspirants who are sitting for UPSC competitive exams including that of the IAS Exam.

On this page, we will list all historical events that have occurred on 1 January. The students can refer them while preparing for all competitive exams and banking exams.

Important Days

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar.

New Year’s Day 


153 BC – For the first time, Roman consuls begin their year in office on January 1.

1877 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.

1885 – Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming’s proposal for standard time

1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.

1901 – Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

1949 – United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly

1978 – Air India Flight 855, a Boeing 747, crashes into the Arabian Sea, due to instrument failure, spatial disorientation, and pilot error, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing all 213 people on board.

Births/ Birth Anniversary

Vidya Balan – The versatile Indian actress was born in Mumbai on this very day in year 1979.

Vidya Balan
Vidya Balan

Sonali Bendre – Another female lead actress of Bollywood, Sonali Bendre was born in Mumbai in the year 1975. She has worked in Tamil, Telugu, Marathi and Kannada film industries as well.

Nana Patekar – He is an actor, writer, Philanthropist and director who was born in 1951 in Raigad District of Maharashtra. He was predominantly associated with Hindi and Marathi Cinema. The legendary actor has been lately in news due to his philanthropic initiatives through his charitable foundations like Naam and Anubhuti.

Kay Kay Menon – Born in year 1966, Kay Kay Menon is an established flim, theater and television actor.

Satyendra Nath Bose – This Indian physicist was born in 1894 in Kolkata and is renowned for his contribution towards Quantum Mechanics.

Salman Khurshid – An indian politician, advocate, author and a teacher, Salman Khurshid has been affiliated to Indian National Congress throughout his life.

Jyodiraditya Scindia – He is the Maharaja of Gwalior and a member of parliament from the Guna constituency.

Death/Death Anniversary

Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar – The “father of research laboratories”, was a famous Indian scientist and a Chemistry professor for a good part of his illustrious career.

Futher Reading

Month-wise This Day in History