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Drafting Committee

The Drafting Committee of the Indian Constitution On 29th August 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India through a resolution appointed the Drafting Committee, “to scrutinise the draft of the text of the Constitution of India prepared by Constitutional Adviser, giving effect to the decisions already taken in the Assembly and including all matters which are […]

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Creamy Layer

What is the creamy layer? Creamy layer is a term used to refer to some members of a backward class who are highly advanced socially as well as economically and educationally. They constitute the forward section of that particular backward class – as forward as any other forward class member. Who introduced the term ‘creamy […]

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Constitution of Japan

The Japanese constitution is the oldest unamended constitution in the world. It has not had any amendments to its text in more than 70 years. The Constitution is best known for Article 9, by which Japan renounces its right to wage war and maintain military forces. The Preamble “We, the Japanese people, acting through our duly elected representatives in […]

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UNION AND TERRITORIES CREATED AFTER 1956

MAHARASHTRA and GUJARAT ◇ In 1960, the bilingual state of Bombay was divided into two separate states–Maharashtra for Marathi speaking people and Gujarat for Gujarati speaking people. ◇ Gujarat was established as the 15th state of the Indian Union. DADRA and NAGAR HAVELI. ◇ The Portuguese ruled this territory until its liberation in 1954. ◇ […]

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Integration of Princely State

At the time of independence, India comprised two categories of political units, namely, the British provinces (under the direct rule of British government) and the princely states (under the rule of native princes but subject to the paramountcy of the British Crown). The Indian Independence Act (1947) created two independent and separate dominions of India […]

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FAZL ALI COMMISSION

The creation of Andhra state intensified the demand from other regions for creation of states on linguistic basis. This forced the Government of India to appoint (in December, 1953) a three-member States Reorganisation Commission under the chairmanship of Fazl Ali to re-examine the whole question. Its other two members were K.M. Panikkar and H.N. Kunzru. […]

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JVP COMMITTEE

Dhar commission report created much resentment and led to the appointment of another Linguistic Provinces Committee by the Congress in December 1948, to examine the whole question afresh. It consisted of Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallahbhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya and hence, was popularly known as JVP Committee. It submitted its report in April 1949, and formally […]

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S. R. Bommai Case: The Detailed Analysis

Who was S. R. Bommai? S. R. Bommai was the Chief Minister of the Janata Dal government in Karnataka between August 13, 1988, and April 21, 1989. What was the background of his case? His government was dismissed on April 21, 1989, under Article 356 of the Constitution and President’s Rule was imposed, in what […]

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Mission Karmayogi

On 2nd September 2020, the Union Cabinet gave its approval for ‘Mission Karmayogi’ – the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB). It is meant to be a comprehensive post-recruitment reform of the Centre’s human resource development. Need for introducing the Mission As the Indian economy grows, it will get more complex to govern; […]